IELTS Reading Practice Test
Why soil degradation could be a disaster for humans
Healthy soil contains a large variety of bacteria and other microorganisms, as well as plant remains and

1

minerals

It provides us with food and also with antibiotics, and its function in storing

2

carbon

has a signicant eect on the climate. In addition, it prevents damage to property and infrastructure because it holds

3

water

If these microorganisms are lost, soil may lose its special properties. The main factor contributing to soil degradation is the

4

agriculture

carried out by humans.

ĐÁP ÁN & GIẢI THÍCH CÂU 1

Locate
Paraphrasing

Question:Healthy soil contains a large variety of bacteria and other microorganisms, as well as plant remains and minerals .

So sánh các cụm từ bên câu hỏi và bài đọc, ta có:

 Healthy soil contains = Healthy soil might contain 

 bacteria and other microorganisms, as well as plant remains and minerals = bacteria, as well as other microorganisms and various minerals 

Giải thích chi tiết

Đoạn B liệt kê ra những thứ được contain trong healthy soil: A single gram of healthy soil might contain:

  • 100 million bacteria = a large variety of bacteria

  • other microorganisms such as viruses and fungi = other microorganisms

  • living amid decomposing plants = plant remains

  • various minerals = minerals

=> Vậy suy ra đáp án là minerals (lưu ý đề yêu cầu điền ONE WORD). check

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