Từ Vựng IELTS Online Test Actual Test 6 - Reading Test 4

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Từ Vựng IELTS Online Test Actual Test 6 - Reading Test 4

📓 Passage 1: Education Philosophy

statistics
/stəˈtɪstɪks/
(noun). the practice or science of collecting and analysing numerical data in large quantities
vocab
mortality
/mɔrˈtæləti/
(noun). The state of being subject to death.
vocab
industrial
/ɪnˈdʌstriəl/
(adj). Relating to or characterized by industry.
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premature
/ˌpriməˈʧʊr/
(adj). happening before the normal or expected time
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bury
/ˈbɛri/
(verb). Put or hide underground.
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invest
/ɪnˈvɛst/
(verb). provide or endow someone or something with (a particular quality or attribute)
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newborn
/ˈnubɔrn/
(adj). recently or just born
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consequence
/ˈkɑnsəkwəns/
(noun). A result or effect, commonly unpleasant
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emotional
/ɪˈmoʊʃənəl/
(adj). connected with people’s feelings
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commitment
/kəˈmɪtmənt/
(noun). The state or quality of being dedicated to a cause, activity, etc.
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infant
/ˈɪnfənt/
(noun). A very young child or baby.
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gutter
/ˈgʌtər/
(noun). shallow trough fixed beneath the edge of a roof for carrying off rainwater.
vocab
reference
/ˈrɛfərəns/
(noun). The action of mentioning or alluding to something.
vocab
pickle
/ˈpɪkəl/
(noun). A difficult situation
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modem
/ˈmoʊdəm/
(noun). a device that connects one computer system to another using a telephone line so that data can be sent
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educational
/ˌɛʤəˈkeɪʃənəl/
(adj). relating to the provision of education.
vocab
philosophy
/fəˈlɑsəfi/
(noun). A theory or attitude that acts as a guiding principle for behavior
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undergo
/ˌʌndərˈgoʊ/
(verb). Experience or be subjected to something unpleasant
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rural
/ˈrʊrəl/
(adj). belong to the countryside
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urban
/ˈɜrbən/
(adj). In, relating to, or characteristic of a town or city.
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labour
/ˈleɪˌbaʊr/
(noun). work, especially hard physical work.
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bulk
/bʌlk/
(noun). the mass or size of something large
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manual
/ˈmænjuəl/
(adj). involving using the hands or physical strength
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technological
/ˌtɛknəˈlɑʤɪkəl/
(adj). connected with technology
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synonymous
/səˈnɑnəməs/
(adj). having the same, or nearly the same, meaning
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purchase
/ˈpɜrʧəs/
(verb). to buy something
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revolution
/ˌrɛvəˈluʃən/
(noun). a change in the way a country is governed, usually to a different political system and often using violence or war (cuộc cách mạng)
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exponentially
/ˌɛkspoʊˈnɛnʃəli/
(adv). more and more rapidly.
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civil war
/ˈsɪvəl wɔr/
(noun). a war between citizens of the same country.
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influential
/ˌɪnfluˈɛnʧəl/
(adj). Having great influence on someone or something.
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comprehensive
/ˌkɑmpriˈhɛnsɪv/
(adj). including all, or almost all details that may be concerned
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via
/ˈvaɪə/
(preposition). through a place
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theory
/ˈθɪri/
(noun). a formal set of ideas that is intended to explain why something happens or exists
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colonial
/kəˈloʊniəl/
(adj). Relating to or characteristic of a colony or colonies
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recognition
/ˌrɛkəgˈnɪʃən/
(noun). identification of someone or something or person from previous encounters or knowledge
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inheritance
/ɪnˈhɛrətəns/
(noun). the money, property, etc. that you receive from somebody when they die; the fact of receiving something when somebody dies
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concept
/ˈkɑnsɛpt/
(noun). An abstract idea
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noble
/ˈnoʊbəl/
(adj). Belonging by rank, title, or birth to the aristocracy
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savage
/ˈsævəʤ/
(adj). fierce, violent, and uncontrolled
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uncorrupted
/ʌnkəˈrʌptɪd/
(adj). Not corrupted
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novel
/ˈnɑvəl/
(noun). A fictitious prose narrative of book length, typically representing character and action
vocab
infancy
/ˈɪnfənsi/
(noun). The state or period of babyhood or early childhood.
vocab
adulthood
/əˈdʌltˌhʊd/
(noun). the state of being an adult
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extensive
/ɪkˈstɛnsɪv/
(adj). Covering or affecting a large area.
vocab
adolescent
/ˌædəˈlɛsənt/
(noun). the process of developing from a child into an adult
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individuality
/ɪnˌdɪvɪʤuˈælɪti/
(noun). difference
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developmental
/dɪˌvɛləpˈmɛntəl/
(adj). in a state of developing or being developed
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contrast
/ˈkɑntræst/
(noun). The state of being strikingly different from something else
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specific
/spəˈsɪfɪk/
(adj). clearly defined or identified
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characteristic
/ˌkɛrəktəˈrɪstɪk/
(noun). A feature or quality belonging typically to a person, place, or thing
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historical
/hɪˈstɔrɪkəl/
(adj). Of or concerning history or past events.
vocab
perspective
/pərˈspɛktɪv/
(noun). A particular attitude towards something; a point of view
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nurture
/ˈnɜrʧər/
(verb). Care for and protect (someone or something) while they are growing.
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homelike
/ˈhoʊmˌlaɪk/
(adj). belong to home
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application
/ˌæpləˈkeɪʃən/
(noun). A formal request to be considered for a position or to be allowed to do or have something
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document
/ˈdɑkjəmɛnt/
(verb). Record (something) in written, photographic, or other form.
vocab
feral
/ˈfɛrəl/
(adj). in a wild state, especially after escape from captivity or domestication.
vocab
capture
/ˈkæpʧər/
(verb). Take into one's possession or control by force.
vocab
Prepubescent
/ˌpriː.pjuːˈbe.sənt/
(adj). relating to or in the period preceding puberty
vocab
forage
/ˈfɔrɪʤ/
(verb). search widely for food or provisions
vocab
profound
/proʊˈfaʊnd/
(adj). very great; felt or experienced very strongly
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quash
/kwɔʃ/
(verb). Reject as invalid, especially by legal procedure
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optimistic
/ˌɑptəˈmɪstɪk/
(adj). Hopeful and confident about the future.
vocab
physician
/fəˈzɪʃən/
(noun). A person qualified to practice medicine.
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civilise
/ˈsɪvəlaɪz/
(verb). To educate and improve a person or a society; to make somebody’s behaviour or manners better
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initiate
/ɪˈnɪʃiɪt/
(verb). Cause (a process or action) to begin.
vocab
subsidy
/ˈsʌbsɪdi/
(noun). A sum of granted money
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recruit
/rəˈkrut/
(verb). find new people to join a company, an organization
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semblance
/ˈsɛmbləns/
(noun). The outward appearance or apparent form of something, especially when the reality is different.
vocab
transformation
/ˌtrænsfərˈmeɪʃən/
(noun). a complete change in somebody/something
vocab
agrarian
/əˈgrɛriən/
(adj). connected with farming and the use of land for farming
vocab
ruthless
/ˈruθləs/
(adj). Having or showing no pity or compassion for others.
vocab
poverty
/ˈpɑvərti/
(noun). The state of being extremely poor.
vocab
substandard
/səbˈstændərd/
(adj). Below the usual or required standard
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employment
/ɛmˈplɔɪmənt/
(noun). the state of being employed
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painfully
/ˈpeɪnfəli/
(adv). extremely, and in a way that makes you feel annoyed, upset, etc.
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advance
/ədˈvæns/
(noun). a development or improvement.
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redefinition
/riˌdɛfəˈnɪʃən/
(noun). the action or process of defining something again or differently.
vocab
emergence
/ɪˈmɜrʤəns/
(noun). the fact of somebody/something coming out from a dark, confined or hidden place
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kindergarten
/ˈkɪndərˌgɑrtən/
(noun). an establishment where children below the age of compulsory education play and learn
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movement
/ˈmuvmənt/
(noun). An act of moving.
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educator
/ˈɛʤəˌkeɪtər/
(noun). a person who provides instruction or education; a teacher.
vocab
notion
/ˈnoʊʃən/
(noun). A belief about something
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flourish
/ˈflərɪʃ/
(adj). grow or develop in a healthy or vigorous way
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basic
/ˈbeɪsɪk/
(noun). the essential facts or principles of a subject or skill.
vocab
record
/ˈrɛkərd/
(noun). A thing constituting a piece of evidence about the past
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setting
/ˈsɛtɪŋ/
(noun). the place or type of surroundings where something is positioned or where an event takes place
vocab
corruption
/kəˈrʌpʃən/
(noun). bad behaviour of people in authority
vocab
prostitution
/ˌprɑstəˈtuʃən/
(noun). The practice or occupation of engaging in sexual activity with someone for payment.
vocab
wealthy
/ˈwɛlθi/
(adj). Having a great deal of money, resources, or assets; rich.
vocab
staple
/ˈsteɪpəl/
(noun). a main product or part of something
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underdeveloped
/ˌʌndərdɪˈvɛləpt/
(adj). Not fully developed.
vocab
drastic
/ˈdræstɪk/
(adj). likely to have a strong or far-reaching effect
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cornerstone
/ˈkɔrnərˌstoʊn/
(noun). an important quality or feature on which a particular thing depends or is based
vocab

📓 Passage 2: How deserts are formed?

reference
/ˈrɛfərəns/
(noun). The action of mentioning or alluding to something.
vocab
irregular
/ɪˈrɛgjələr/
(adj). Not even or balanced in shape or arrangement.
vocab
movement
/ˈmuvmənt/
(noun). An act of moving.
vocab
particle
/ˈpɑrtəkəl/
(noun). a very small piece of something
vocab
vibrate
/ˈvaɪbreɪt/
(verb). to move or make something move from side to side very quickly and with small movements
vocab
jerk
/ʤɜrk/
(verb). make a sudden short sharp movement move
vocab
initiate
/ɪˈnɪʃiɪt/
(verb). khởi xướng - Cause (a process or action) to begin.
vocab
chain reaction
/ʧeɪn riˈækʃən/
(noun). a chemical reaction or other process in which the products themselves promote or spread the reaction
vocab
productive
/prəˈdʌktɪv/
(adj). Achieving a significant amount or result
vocab
desert
/ˈdɛzɜrt/
(noun). A place with sand, hot weather and no vegetation
vocab
farmland
/ˈfɑrmˌlænd/
(noun). land that is used for farming
vocab
barren
/ˈbærən/
(adj). not good enough for plants to grow on it
vocab
arid
/ˈærəd/
(adj). too dry
vocab
technical
/ˈtɛknɪkəl/
(adj). connected with the practical use of machinery, methods, etc. in science and industry
vocab
tackle
/ˈtækəl/
(verb). Make determined efforts to deal with an issue
vocab
desertification
/dɪˌzɜːtɪfɪˈkeɪʃən/
(noun). The process fertile land becomes desert
vocab
Satellite
/ˈsætəˌlaɪt/
(noun). An artificial body placed in orbit round the earth or moon or another planet
vocab
utilize
/ˈjutəˌlaɪz/
(verb). Make practical and effective use of.
vocab
investigate
/ɪnˈvɛstəˌgeɪt/
(verb). Carry out research or study into a problem
vocab
livestock
/ˈlaɪvˌstɑk/
(noun). Farm animals regarded as an asset
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influence
/ˈɪnfluəns/
(verb). have an influence on
vocab
migration
/maɪˈgreɪʃən/
(noun). the movement of large numbers of people, birds or animals from one place to another
vocab
invade
/ɪnˈveɪd/
(verb). enter (a country or region) so as to subjugate or occupy it
vocab
refugee
/ˈrɛfjuʤi/
(noun). A person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster.
vocab
vulnerable
/ˈvʌlnərəbəl/
(adj). Exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally
vocab
ecosystem
/ˈikoʊˌsɪstəm/
(noun). a biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment
vocab
cultivation
/ˌkʌltɪˈveɪʃən/
(noun). the preparation and use of land for growing plants or crops
vocab
settlement
/ˈsɛtəlmənt/
(noun). The process of establishing a settlement or settlements.
vocab
nomad
/ˈnoʊˌmæd/
(noun). a member of a community that moves with its animals from place to place
vocab
graze
/greɪz/
(verb). ăn cỏ
vocab
flock
/flɑk/
(noun). a number of birds of one kind feeding, resting, or traveling together
vocab
herd
/hɜrd/
(noun). a group of animals of the same type that live and feed together
vocab
pasture
/ˈpæsʧər/
(noun). Land covered with grass and other low plants
vocab
oasis
/oʊˈeɪsɪs/
(noun). A fertile spot in a desert, where water is found.
vocab
academic
/ˌækəˈdɛmɪk/
(noun). A teacher or scholar in a university or other institute of higher education.
vocab
fatal
/ˈfeɪtəl/
(adj). causing death.
vocab
practice
/ˈpræktəs/
(noun). The actual application or use of an idea, belief, or method
vocab
crop
/krɑp/
(noun). a cultivated plant grew to be eaten as grain, fruit or vegetable
vocab
progressively
/prɑˈgrɛsɪvli/
(adv). In a forward-looking, innovative manner.
vocab
dry
/draɪ/
(adj). Free from moisture or liquid; not wet or moist.
vocab
region
/ˈriʤən/
(noun). part of a country or the world having definable characteristics
vocab
drought
/draʊt/
(noun). A prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall
vocab
vegetation
/ˌvɛʤəˈteɪʃən/
(noun). Plants considered collectively
vocab
tract
/trækt/
(noun). an area of land, especially a large one
vocab
devoid
/dɪˈvɔɪd/
(adj). entirely lacking or free from
vocab
susceptible
/səˈsɛptəbəl/
(adj). easily influenced by feelings and emotions
vocab
erosion
/ɪˈroʊʒən/
(noun). The process of eroding or being eroded by wind, water, or other natural agents.
vocab
ascertain
/ˌæsərˈteɪn/
(verb). Find (something) out for certain; make sure of.
vocab
clear-cut
/klɪr-kʌt/
(adj). easy to perceive or understand
vocab
border
/ˈbɔrdər/
(noun). A line separating two countries, administrative divisions, or other areas.
vocab
landscape
/ˈlændˌskeɪp/
(noun). everything you can see when you look across a large area of land
vocab
feature
/ˈfiʧər/
(noun). a distinctive attribute or aspect of something.
vocab
tremendous
/trəˈmɛndəs/
(adj). Very great in amount, scale, or intensity.
vocab
publicity
/pəˈblɪsəti/
(noun). the attention that is given to somebody/something by newspapers, television, etc.
vocab
severe
/səˈvɪr/
(adj). (of something bad or undesirable) very great; intense.
vocab
rainfall
/ˈreɪnˌfɔl/
(noun). the fall of rain.
vocab
misunderstanding
/ˌmɪsəndərˈstændɪŋ/
(noun). A failure to understand something correctly.
vocab
shortage
/ˈʃɔrtəʤ/
(noun). A state or situation in which something needed cannot be obtained i
vocab
precipitation
/prɪˌsɪpɪˈteɪʃən/
(noun). rain, snow, etc. that falls; the amount of this that falls
vocab
farm
/fɑrm/
(verb). make one's living by growing crops or keeping livestock
vocab
soil
/sɔɪl/
(noun). the upper layer of the earth in which plants grow
vocab
accelerate
/ækˈsɛləˌreɪt/
(verb). Increase in rate, amount, or extent >< decelerate, stop, delay
vocab
firewood
/ˈfaɪərˌwʊd/
(noun). Wood burned as fuel
vocab
chief
/ʧif/
(adj). most important
vocab
fuel
/ˈfjuəl/
(noun). Material such as coal, gas, or oil that is burned to produce heat or power
vocab
planet
/ˈplænət/
(noun). A celestial body moving
vocab
humidity
/hjuˈmɪdəti/
(noun). conditions in which the air is very warm and damp
vocab
dust
/dʌst/
(noun). a fine powder that consists of very small pieces of sand, earth, etc.
vocab
phenomenon
/fəˈnɑməˌnɑn/
(noun). A fact or situation that is observed to exist or happen,
vocab
steady
/ˈstɛdi/
(adj). Firmly fixed
vocab
explosion
/ɪkˈsploʊʒən/
(noun). A violent blowing apart of something caused by a bomb
vocab
impoverished
/ɪmˈpɑvrɪʃt/
(adj). (of a person or area) made poor.
vocab
destructive
/dɪˈstrʌktɪv/
(adj). causing great and irreparable harm or damage
vocab
thunderstorm
/ˈθʌndərˌstɔrm/
(noun). a storm with thunder and lightning and usually very heavy rain
vocab
topsoil
/ˈtɑpˌsɔɪl/
(noun). The top layer of soil.
vocab
enforce
/ɛnˈfɔrs/
(verb). Compel observance of or compliance with a law
vocab
prospect
/ˈprɑspɛkt/
(noun). The possibility or likelihood of some future event occurring.
vocab
dryland
/ˈdraɪlənd /
(noun). land as opposed to the sea or another body of water.
vocab
alleviate
/əˈliviˌeɪt/
(verb). Make (suffering, deficiency, or a problem) less severe.
vocab
greenhouse
/ˈgrinˌhaʊs/
(noun). a glass building protecting plants from cold weather
vocab
agriculture
/ˈægrɪˌkʌlʧər/
(noun). The science or practice of farming, including cultivation of the soil
vocab
compound
/ˈkɑmpaʊnd/
(noun). a thing that is composed of two or more separate elements; a mixture
vocab
microalgae
/maɪkrəʊˈældʒi/
(noun). microscopic algae, typically found in freshwater and marine systems, living in both the water column and sediment
vocab
livelihood
/ˈlaɪvliˌhʊd/
(noun). A means of securing the necessities of life.
vocab

📓 Passage 3: The Olympic Torch

torch
/tɔrʧ/
(noun). a small light that is held in the hand and usually gets its power from batteries
vocab
Committee
/kəˈmɪti/
(noun). a group of people appointed for a specific function, typically consisting of members of a larger group
vocab
withstand
/wɪθˈstænd/
(verb). to be strong enough not to be damaged
vocab
severe
/səˈvɪr/
(adj). (of something bad or undesirable) very great; intense.
vocab
aesthetic
/ɛˈsθɛtɪk/
(adj). appreciation with beauty
vocab
practical
/ˈpræktəkəl/
(adj). connected with real situations rather than with ideas or theories
vocab
value
/ˈvælju/
(verb). estimate the monetary worth of (something)
vocab
purchase
/ˈpɜrʧəs/
(verb). to buy something
vocab
relay
/riˈleɪ/
(noun). a group of people or animals engaged in a task or activity for a fixed period of time and then replaced by a similar group
vocab
treasurable
/ˈtrɛʒərəbl/
(adj). Highly valued; prized
vocab