Từ Vựng IELTS Online Test Practice Test Plus 3 - Reading Test 2
Xem danh sách từ vựng Vocabulary của đề Practice Test Plus 3 - Reading Test 2 được lấy từ cuốn Practice Test Plus 3. Phần từ vựng IELTS của bài chứa xx từ, bao gồm phát âm, định nghĩa, ví dụ và cả hình ảnh sẽ giúp thí sinh IELTS dễ hiểu nội dung của đề bài hơn.)
ex: Even the smallest baby can identify its mother by her voice.
(adj). main; most important; basic
ex: The Red Cross's primary concern is to preserve and protect human life.
(noun). A reason for doing something.
ex: Why would she have killed him? She has no motive.
(noun). a new plan for dealing with a particular problem or for achieving a particular purpose
ex: The peace initiative was welcomed by both sides.
(verb). evaluate or estimate the nature, ability, or quality of.
ex: The insurers will need to assess the flood damage.
(adj). Relating to or characteristic of soldiers or armed forces.
ex: There are sacrifices in any military campaign
(verb). formally announce something
ex: They declared their support for the proposal
(adj). not of an acceptable standard; not suitable
ex: The building was declared unfit for human habitation.
(noun). Physical Education
ex: she has a degree in physical education
(noun). a set of related measures or activities with a particular long-term aim.
ex: It's one of those arts programmes late at night.
(verb). to achieve or produce something that has been promised
ex: The government has failed to deliver (what it promised).
(adv). In a way that is exact and clear
ex: These jeans are designed specifically for women.
(noun). a person who has a university degree
ex: Chris is a physics graduate.
(noun). an excess of production or supply.
ex: The world is now producing large food surpluses.
(noun). The amount, level, or extent to which something happens
ex: This job demands a high degree of skill.
(verb). Make (someone) legally or morally bound to do something.
ex: The law does not obligate sellers to accept the highest offer.
(noun). An organization founded for a religious, educational, professional, or social purpose.
ex: Harvard University is an internationally respected institution.
(noun). a quality or accomplishment that makes someone suitable for a particular job or activity.
ex: You'll never get a good job if you don't have any qualifications.
(noun). the state of being employed
ex: How long have you been looking for employment?
(noun). the process of showing, proving or recognizing who or what somebody/something is
ex: Most of the bodies were badly burned, making identification almost impossible.
(adj). available as another possibility or choice
ex: An alternative venue for the concert is being sought.
(verb). consider or think in a certain way
ex: Her parents always regarded her as the smartest of their children.
(adj). that makes or is likely to make money
ex: I'm trying to make this a profitable business
(noun). the act of investing money in something
ex: Goodness is the only investment that never fails
(noun). A particular attitude towards something; a point of view
ex: Her attitude lends a fresh perspective to the subject.
(noun). having or showing the capacity to develop into something in the future.
ex: I don't feel I'm achieving my full potential in my present job.
(noun). (plural only) Merchandise returned to a retailer or wholesaler by a purchaser.
ex: Officials haven’t finished counting the returns yet.
(verb). to become widen
ex: They say that travel broadens the mind.
(adj). in good condition; not damaged, injured, or diseased.
ex: It's an old building but it's still structurally sound.
(noun). a risky or daring journey or undertaking.
ex: The project was a joint venture between the two schools .
(noun). income, especially when of an organization
ex: Taxes provide most of the government's revenue.
(verb). Cause emotion to arise or come about.
ex: The new development will generate 1,500 new jobs.
(verb). to vary between two particular amounts, sizes, etc., including others between them
the cows range over the whole farm
(noun). a time when a particular situation makes it possible to do or achieve something
ex: Everyone will have an opportunity to comment.
(noun). An area of territory owned or controlled by a ruler or government.
ex: She treated the business as her private domain.
(verb). Point out; show.
ex: She indicated to me (that) she didn't want me to say anything.
(noun). An act of moving.
ex: He made a sudden movement and frightened the bird away.
(noun). Intense and eager enjoyment,
ex: After the accident he lost his enthusiasm for the sport.v
(adj). going to happen soon
ex: He is expected to win by a large majority in the forthcoming elections.
(adj). having or showing an ability to accurately assess situations or people and turn this to one's advantage
ex: He was astute in business matters.
(adv). Correctly or satisfactorily.
ex: It's still not working properly.
(verb). to teach somebody over a period of time
ex: The form says he was educated in Africa.
(adj). connected with a job that needs special training or skill
ex: She always looks very professional in her smart suits.
(adj). suitable for a certain purpose
ex: Is this film appropriate for small children?
(adj). relating to finance
ex: The dairy wasn't simply a financial endeavor, as Mums had thought
(adj). intended to try to stop something that causes problems or difficulties from happening
ex: Local knowledge and capacity has proved central to the success of preventative education.
(noun). special importance, value, or prominence
ex: I think we should put as much emphasis on preventing disease as we do on curing it.
(adj). certain to happen;
ex: Eventually the inevitable happened and he had a heart attack.
(noun). the fact or condition of being regarded or treated as more important
ex: My first/top priority is to find somewhere to live.
(adj). devoted to the study of the fundamental nature
ex: Pragmatism is a philosophical theory.
(verb). to make something happen, especially to cause changes in a situation
ex: He brought about the collapse of the company by his reckless spending.
(verb). to be present in a place or situation
ex: I don't think ghosts exist.
(adj). Not fitting or appropriate.
ex: The software blocks material that is unsuitable for children.
(noun). A group of people living in the same place or having a particular characteristic
ex: He's well known in the local community.v
(adj). Important, serious, or significant.
ex: This is a major decision so we'd better get it right.
(verb). cause (a process or action) to begin.
ex: Who initiated the violence?
(adj). connected with something/somebody in some way
ex: We discussed unemployment and related issues.
(adv). by a notably large amount or to a notably large extent; greatly
ex: He's considerably fatter than he was when I knew him.
(adj). Showing a great deal of variety; very different.
ex: New York is a very culturally/ethnically diverse city.
(noun). a student at a college or university who has not yet earned a bachelor's or equivalent degree
ex: I, too, only recently left full-time undergraduate life.
(noun). the things that are held or included in something.
ex: It's a very stylish and beautiful film, but it lacks content.
(noun). the act or process of getting ready for something or making something ready
ex: Yasmin assisted in the preparation of this article.
(adj). Existing or occurring at the beginning.
ex: My initial surprise was soon replaced by delight.
(verb). to begin to happen; to begin something
ex: Shall we let the meeting commence?
(verb). to provide, and sometimes serve, food
ex: Who catered your party?
(noun). Activity done for enjoyment
ex: Emma's only form of recreation seems to be shopping.
(noun). The state of being diverse.
ex: I find the enormous diversity of life on earth quite overwhelming.
(noun). an activity done in addition to one's main job, especially to earn extra income.
ex: Jim works in a bank, but teaches French in the evenings as a sideline.
(noun). Time when one is not working or occupied; free time.
ex: Let's do some leisure activities
(noun). a person who has the legal right to belong to a particular country
ex: Old people are just treated like second-class citizens (= unimportant people).
(noun). the way in which a person lives.
ex: She needs a pretty high income to support her lifestyle.
(adj). Never done or known before.
ex: Such an event was unprecedented in the 20th century.
(noun). a team game played with an oval ball that may be kicked, carried, and passed from hand to hand. Points are scored by grounding the ball behind the opponents' goal line (thereby scoring a try) or by kicking it between the two posts and over the crossbar of the opponents' goal.
ex: Tom plays rugby every Saturday.
(noun). a collection of people, countries, or groups that combine for a particular purpose, typically mutual protection or cooperation
ex: Who do you think will win the league championship this year?
(noun). a person's natural height.
ex: It is true that the Japanese are shorter in stature than either the Chinese or the Koreans
(noun). the action or business of promoting and selling products or services, including market research and advertising
ex: He made a career in marketing
(verb). Form a mental image of; imagine.
ex: I was so surprised when he turned up - I'd visualized someone much older.
(noun). the activity or profession of writing for newspapers, magazines, or news websites or preparing news to be broadcast.
ex: He decided to forsake politics for journalism.
(noun). the scientific study of the mind and how it influences behaviour
ex: He wrote both on psychology and on metaphysics
(adj). physically strong, fit, and active.
ex: She looks very athletic
(noun). the act of giving special classes in sports, a school subject, or a work-related activity, especially to one person or a small grou
ex: The company provides internet-based coaching for teachers.
(noun). the act of spending or using money; an amount of money spent
ex: It's part of a drive to cut government expenditure.
(noun). the money that is available to a person or an organization
ex: he budget must be balanced.
(noun). a member of a constituency.
ex: What are the basic constituents of the mixture?
ex: Cardio includes running, walking, biking, and aerobics
(adj). relating to, affecting, or consisting of a vessel or vessels, especially those which carry blood.
ex: The vascular plants already described number about 1500 species.
(noun). A disease in which the body’s ability to produce or respond to the hormone insulin is impaired,
ex: From considering the nature of diabetes, he had come to the conclusion that many cases were due to imperfect oxidation of sugar in the body
(noun). The state or quality of being productive.
ex: Productivity in the steel industry improved by five percent last year.
(adj). (of a person) old or aging.
ex: she was elderly and silver-haired
(noun). the speed at which someone or something moves, or with which something happens or changes
ex: I can't keep pace with (= walk or run as fast as) you.
📓 Passage 2: An assessment of micro-wind turbines
(adj). small; on a small scale
ex: The company has a 20% share in the market for mini or micro cars.
(noun). a type of machine through which liquid or gas flows and turns a special wheel with blades in order to produce power
ex: It's a steam turbine
(adj). of a natural resource or source of energy not depleted when used.
ex: We should use renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power
(adj). belonging to or for the use of one particular person or group of people on
ex: She has a small office that is used for private discussions.
(noun). A band of colours, as seen in a rainbow, produced by separation of the components of light
ex: The survey revealed a wide spectrum of opinion.
(noun). a straight line passing from side to side through the center of a body or figure, especially a circle or sphere
ex: The pond is six feet in diameter.
(noun). a long, slender, rounded piece of wood or metal
ex: A flag fluttered from a 40-foot pole.
(noun). a part of a building comprising all the rooms that are on the same level.
ex: Their new house has four storeys including the attic.
(adj). effective with the least energy/manpower consumed
ex: The city's transport system is one of the most efficient in Europe.
(noun). a type, a category of things
ex: We both like the same sort of music.
(noun). an approximate calculation or judgment of the value, number, quantity, or extent of something
ex: The committee lacked a correct estimate of his ability
(noun). as great, high, or intense as possible or permitted
ex: Please run at maximum speed/effort/temperature
(noun). the amount of something produced by a person, machine, or industry
ex: Last year manufacturing output fell by 14 percent.
(noun). the action or process of installing someone or something, or of being installe
ex: Do you have to pay extra for installation?
(adj). Able to be believed; convincing
ex: They haven't produced any credible evidence for convicting him.
(noun). a glass building protecting plants from cold weather
ex: Gladys grows a lot of tomatoes in her greenhouse.
(noun). The production and discharge of something,
ex: These health risks are caused by vehicle emissions.
(adj). equivalent in value to the sum or item specified
ex: Our house is worth £200,000.
ex: He works for a company that manufactures car parts.
(adj). Concentrated on a single subject or into a short time
ex: two weeks of intensive training tires me out
(noun). British money.
ex: The value of sterling increased against several other currencies yesterday.
(noun). a machine or device that produces something
ex: You can use a random number generator
(adj). operating by or producing electricity
ex: We're in the middle of an electrical storm.
(noun). a machine, especially one powered by electricity or internal combustion,
ex: The pump is powered by a small electric motor.
(adj). Having sound judgement;
ex: We have a strong team and a reasonable chance of winning the game.
(noun). certain things that are accepted without the need of being proven
ex: People tend to make assumptions about you when you have a disability.
(noun). the state or quality of being intense
ex: The explosion was of such intensity that it was heard five miles away.
(adj). Having the distinctive qualities of a particular type
ex: I must look like the typical tourist with my shorts and my camera.
(noun). The action of building something
ex: She works in construction/in the construction industry.
(noun). the amount of carbon dioxide and other carbon compounds emitted due to the consumption of fossil fuels by a particular person, group, etc
ex: We have partnered with nearby farms, hoping to reduce the carbon footprint of our delivery trucks.
(noun). a unit of gross internal capacity, equal to 100 cubic feet 2.83 cu. m
ex: Vietnam's beef imports were only 20000 metric tons
(noun). An economy of or reduction in money
ex: He spent all his savings on an expensive car.
(noun). all of the people born and living at about the same time, regarded collectively
ex: It's our duty to preserve the planet for future generations.
(adj). heated, driven, or produced by the burning of coal.
ex: There should be a new coal-fuelled power station
(noun). A framework of spaced bars that are parallel to or cross each other; a grating.
ex: In Barcelona the streets are laid out in/on a grid system.
(noun). a factory that produces electricity
ex: The nuclear power station programme is kept under review.
(adj). more desirable or suitable
ex: Surely a diplomatic solution is preferable to war.
(adv). In a manner lacking gentleness;
ex: There has been an increase of roughly 2.25 million.
(verb). give a tangible or visible form
ex: She embodied good sportsmanship on the playing field.
(noun). A sum of granted money
ex: The company received a substantial government subsidy.
(noun). a person considered separately
ex: Every individual has rights which must never be taken away.
(noun). a person, a company or a country that grows or makes food, goods or materials
ex: She's a Hollywood movie producer
(noun). an excess of production or supply.
ex: The world is now producing large food surpluses.
(adv). almost, but not completely
ex: The job will take approximately three weeks, and cost approximately £1,000.
take into account
/teɪk ˈɪntu əˈkaʊnt/
(verb). to consider or remember something when judging a situation
ex: A good architect takes into account the building's surroundings.
(noun). a general feeling or understanding
ex: My cold is so bad I've lost my sense of smell/taste
for someone's own sake
/fɔr ˈsʌmˌwʌnz oʊn seɪk/
(adv). Out of regard or respect for someone or oneself; for the benefit, advantage, or good of oneself or another person.
ex: For my own sake, I'm going to take a few extra days off at Christmas to spend with my family.
(adj). Extraordinarily good or attractive.
ex: You look fantastic in that dress.
(adj). expressing approva
ex: We have had a favourable response to the plan so far.
(noun). the action of using up a resource.
ex: As a nation, our consumption of junk food is horrifying.
(adj). Restricted in size, amount, or extent; few, small, or short.
ex: We have limited choices
(noun). An instance of a particular situation
ex: She was suffering from an extreme case of sunburn.
(noun). the value or price that is shown on something such as stamps, coins, or paper money
ex: The bonds are trading at just 40% of face value.
(adv). to a moderately high degree
ex: She's fairly tall.
ex: What's the most economical way of heating this building?
(adj). Decisive or critical, especially in the success or failure of something
ex: That's a crucial decision/question
(noun). A particular attitude towards something; a point of view
ex: Her attitude lends a fresh perspective to the subject.
(noun). Detailed examination of the elements or structure of something.
ex: Chemical analysis revealed a high content of copper.
(adv). in a way that shows you have a lot of experience and knowledge
ex: Invest your money wisely.
(adj). Large and heavy or solid.
ex: They have a massive house.
(adj). situated at sea some distance from the shore.
ex: We sailed to an offshore island.
(adj). of or inside a particular country, household
ex: I usually take domestic flights
(adv). used often before a comparative or superlative adjective when you are stating an opinion that you believe you could give reasons to support
ex: He is arguably the world's best football player.
(verb). to give money to somebody or an organization to help pay for something; to give a subsidy
ex: All private universities are subsidized by the government.
(noun). a reduction in how unpleasant, serious, etc. something is
ex: Mitigation strategies include retrofitting buildings to make them more energy efficient
(noun). Gross Domestic Product: the total value of goods and services produced by a country in a year:
ex: If the GDP continues to shrink, the country will be in a recession.
(noun). the action or fact of making a specified thing smaller or less in amount, degree, or size
ex: Those are huge price reductions
(adj). worth the time, money, or effort spent; of value or importance.
ex: She considers teaching a worthwhile career.
(verb). Support or actively encourage a cause, venture, etc.; further the progress of
ex: The band are currently touring to promote their new album.
(adv). In spite of that; notwithstanding; all the same. à in spite of, despite of…
ex: I knew a lot about the subject already, but her talk was interesting nevertheless.
(verb). Strengthen or support physically or mentally.
ex: The economy looks set to sustain its growth into next year.
(noun). something such as energy, money, or information that is put into a system, organization, or machine so that it can operate
ex: I didn't have much input into the project (= the help I gave was small).
(adv). to or in a foreign country, especially those separated from your country by the sea or ocean
ex: We need to open up overseas markets.
(noun). another term for point of view.
ex: You should look from a different viewpoint
(noun). a machine with moving parts that converts power into motion.
ex: As Dean shut off the engine he turned to his companion
(noun). A house and its occupants regarded as a unit.
ex: household chores are boring
(noun). A place where a particular event or activity is occurring or has occurred
ex: We're going to the site tonight
(noun). a result that you try to achieve
ex: Any major airport or station is potentially a terrorist target.
(adj). happening not as the main aim, cause or result of a particular action, but in addition to it
ex: The benefits from pure research are often indirect.
(noun). the chemical element of atomic number 6, a nonmetal which has two main forms diamond and graphite and which also occurs in impure form in charcoal, soot, and coal.
ex: The substance was identified as carbon.
(adj). Of, from, in, or characteristic of a country or language other than one's own.
ex: You speak foreign languages
(noun). the total amount resulting from the addition of two or more numbers, amounts, or items.
ex: Huge sums of money are spent on national defence.
📓 Passage 3: Pottery production in ancient Akrotiri
ex: They sell pottery and other handmade goods.
(verb). đào bới
ex: Ice age bones are being excavated in the caves.
(noun). sự nhân đôi
ex: Duplication of certain chromosomes can lead to abnormalities.
(noun). Sự đa dạng
ex: I suppose you mix with a wide variety of people in your job.
(verb). Nhập khẩu
ex: We import a large number of cars from Japan.
(verb). Dự định
ex: We intend to go to Australia next year.
(noun). mục đích
ex: His only purpose in life seems to be to enjoy himself.
(adj). không rõ
ex: The ownership of the painting remains unclear.
(adj). riêng biệt
ex: The virus attacks specific cells in the brain.
(verb). liên quan đến
ex: She would relate everything I told her to Quinn
(verb). Phân phát
ex: The books will be distributed free to local schools.
(noun). khối, số lượng lớn
ex: It was a document of surprising bulk.
(adv). thuộc địa phương
ex: Do they live locally?
(verb). đối nghịch
ex: Recent evidence has contradicted established theories on this subject.
(noun). Sự phỏng đoán, giả định
ex: He premised his argument on several incorrect assumptions.