IELTS Reading Practice Test
The Montreal Study
Participants, who were recruited for the study through advertisements, had their brain activity monitored while listening to their favourite music. It was noted that the music stimulated the brain’s neurons to release a substance called

1

dopamine

in two of the parts of the brain which are associated with feeling

2

pleasure


Researchers also observed that the neurons in the area of the brain called the

3

caudate

were particularly active just before the participants’ favourite moments in the music - the period known as the

4

anticipatory phase

Activity in this part of the brain is associated with the expectation of ‘reward’ stimuli such as

5

food



ĐÁP ÁN & GIẢI THÍCH CÂU 1

Locate
Paraphrasing

Question: It was noted that the music stimulated the brain’s neurons to release a substance called dopamine in two of the parts of the brain…

So sánh các cụm từ bên câu hỏi và bài đọc, ta có:

 the brain’s neurons.. in two of the parts of the brain = the neurons (nerve cells) in both the dorsal and ventral regions of the brain  

 stimulate = trigger 

  release a substance called dopamine = the production of dopamine - a chemical 

Giải thích chi tiết

Đọc theo DOL’s Linearthinking smiley18 để simplify câu:

 music triggers the production of dopamine - a chemical ... - by the neurons 

=> cấu trúc: music gây ra the production of dopamine by the neurons = Music khiến neurons produce (=sản xuất) dopamine

=> Vậy chất được neurons giải phóng ra là dopamine.

=> dopamine là đáp án cần tìm check

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