IELTS Online Test
Summary

Prior to the 19th century, professional

1

scientists

. did not exist and scientific research was largely carried out by amateurs. However, while

2

science

. today is mostly the domain of professionals, a recent US survey highlighted the fact that amateurs play an important role in at least seven

3

fields

. and indeed many professionals are reliant on their

4

co-operation/collaboration

. In areas such as astronomy, amateurs can be invaluable when making specific

5

observations

. on a global basis. Similarly in the area of palaeontology their involvement is invaluable and helpers are easy to recruit because of the popularity of

6

dinosaurs

. Amateur birdwatchers also play an active role and their work has led to the establishment of a

7

conservation programme

. Occasionally the term 'amateur' has been the source of disagreement and alternative names have been suggested but generally speaking, as long as the professional scientists

8

acknowledge

. the work of the non professionals, the two groups can work productively together.  

ĐÁP ÁN & GIẢI THÍCH CÂU 1

Locate
Paraphrasing

Question: Prior to the 19th century, professional scientists did not exist and scientific research was largely carried out by amateurs.

So sánh các cụm ở câu hỏi với bài đọc, ta có:

 Prior to the 19th century => During 17th century 

 amateurs = men who pursued their interest...for their own edification

professional scientists did not exist = scientists were largely men of private means 

Giải thích chi tiết

Skimming/scannning: cross

Nếu chỉ dựa vào skim/scan keyword, thí sinh sẽ rất khó locate đáp án vì câu này paraphrase dựa trên ngữ nghĩa.

Linearthinking: smiley26

  • Bài đọc:

 During 17th century , scientists were largely men of private means who pursued their interest in natural philosophy for their own edification .

=> "men of private means" ý chỉ những người có điều kiện cá nhân, nếu không hiểu vẫn có thể đọc phần bổ nghĩa!

=> "pursued their interest" = "theo đuổi sở thích", tức những người này nghiên cứu khoa học vì đam mê chứ không phải scientists chuyên nghiệp.

=> During 17th century, scientists đa phần là nghiệp dư - chứ không phải chuyên nghiệp

  • So với câu hỏi: Prior to the 19th century, professional _______ did not exist and scientific research was largely carried out by amateurs.

=> Đáp án: scientists check

Lưu ý
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