Từ Vựng IELTS Online Test Actual Test 6 - Reading Test 6

Xem danh sách từ vựng Vocabulary của đề Actual Test 6 - Reading Test 6 được lấy từ cuốn Actual Test 6. Phần từ vựng IELTS của bài chứa xx từ, bao gồm phát âm, định nghĩa, ví dụ và cả hình ảnh sẽ giúp thí sinh IELTS dễ hiểu nội dung của đề bài hơn.)

Từ Vựng IELTS Online Test Actual Test 6 - Reading Test 6

📓 Passage 1: History of Refrigeration

Vehicle
/ˈvihɪkəl/
(noun). a thing used for transporting people or goods, especially on land, such as a car, truck, or cart.
vocab
refrigerator
/rəˈfrɪʤəˌreɪtər/
(noun). a piece of electrical equipment in which food is kept cold so that it stays fresh
vocab
transport
/ˈtrænspɔrt/
(verb). to move something somewhere
vocab
utilize
/ˈjutəˌlaɪz/
(verb). Make practical and effective use of.
vocab
distribute
/dɪˈstrɪbjut/
(verb). Supply (goods) to retailers.
vocab
butter
/ˈbʌtər/
(noun). a pale yellow edible fatty substance made by churning cream
vocab
commercial
/kəˈmɜrʃəl/
(adj). Concerned with or engaged in commerce.
vocab
chemical
/ˈkɛməkəl/
(noun). a compound or substance that has been purified or prepared, especially artificially
vocab
refrigerant
/rɪˈfrɪʤərənt/
(noun). A substance used for refrigeration.
vocab
harmful
/ˈhɑrmfəl/
(adj). causing damage or injury to somebody/something, especially to a person’s health or to the environment
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atmosphere
/ˈætməˌsfɪr/
(noun). the mixture of gases that surrounds the earth
vocab
detrimental
/ˌdɛtrəˈmɛntəl/
(adj). harmful
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ozone layer
/ˈoʊˌzoʊn ˈleɪər/
(noun). a layer in the earth's stratosphere at an altitude of about 6.2 miles (10 km) containing a high concentration of ozone
vocab
term
/tɜrm/
(noun). a word or phrase used as the name of something
vocab
farmer
/ˈfɑrmər/
(noun). a person who owns or manages a farm.
vocab
refrigerate
/rɪˈfrɪʤəˌreɪt/
(verb). subject (food or drink) to cold in order to chill or preserve it, typically by placing it in a refrigerator.
vocab
temperature
/ˈtɛmprəʧər/
(noun). the measurement in degrees of how hot or cold a thing or place is
vocab
patent
/ˈpætənt/
(verb). a government authority or license conferring a right or title for a set period, especially the sole right to exclude others from making, using, or selling an invention.
vocab
tramcar
/ˈtræmkɑː/
(noun). a trolley car.
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railroad
/ˈreɪlˌroʊd/
(noun). a track with rails on which trains run
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technical
/ˈtɛknɪkəl/
(adj). connected with the practical use of machinery, methods, etc. in science and industry
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method
/ˈmɛθəd/
(noun). A particular procedure for accomplishing or approaching something
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economical
/ˌɛkəˈnɑmɪkəl/
(adj). cost-effective
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speedy
/ˈspidi/
(adj). done or occurring quickly.
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uniform
/ˈjunəˌfɔrm/
(adj). remaining the same in all cases and at all times; unchanging in form or character.
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block
/blɑk/
(noun). A large solid piece of hard material, especially rock, stone, or wood,
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storage
/ˈstɔrəʤ/
(noun). the action or method of storing something for future use.
vocab
manufacture
/ˌmænjəˈfækʧər/
(verb). mass-produce
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trucking
/ˈtrʌkɪŋ/
(noun). the activity of transporting goods somewhere in a truck
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refrigeration
/rɪˌfrɪʤəˈreɪʃən/
(noun). subjecting food or drink to cold in order to chill or preserve it.
vocab
roof-mounted
/ruf-ˈmaʊntəd/
(adj). fitted at the roof of the house
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liquefy
/ˈlɪkwəˌfaɪ/
(verb). to become liquid; to make something liquid
vocab
fresh
/frɛʃ/
(adj). (food) recently produced or picked and not frozen
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consumer
/kənˈsumər/
(noun). A person who purchases goods and services for personal use.
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demand
/dɪˈmænd/
(noun). an insistent and peremptory request, made as if by right
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dietary
/ˈdaɪəˌtɛri/
(adj). connected with or contained in the food that you eat and drink regularly
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associated
/əˈsoʊsiˌeɪtəd/
(adj). (of a person or thing) connected with something else.
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soaring
/ˈsɔrɪŋ/
(adj). increasing
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reform
/riˈfɔrm/
(noun). the action or process of reforming an institution or practice.
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regional
/ˈriʤənəl/
(adj). Relating to or characteristic of a region
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transportation
/ˌtrænspərˈteɪʃən/
(noun). a system for carrying people or goods from one place to another using vehicles, roads, etc.
vocab
urbanisation
/ˌɜrbənəˈzeɪʃən/
(noun). the process of making an area more urban.
vocab
enlarge
/ɛnˈlɑrʤ/
(verb). Make or become larger
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extensive
/ɪkˈstɛnsɪv/
(adj). Covering or affecting a large area.
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spread
/sprɛd/
(noun). the fact or process of spreading over an area.
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treatment
/ˈtritmənt/
(noun). the manner in which someone behaves toward or deals with someone or something.
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sewage
/ˈsuəʤ/
(noun). used water and waste substances that are produced by human bodies, that are carried away from houses and factories through special pipes
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dumping
/ˈdʌmpɪŋ/
(noun). the act or practice of dumping something, especially dangerous substances
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adverse
/ædˈvɜrs/
(adj). preventing success or development;
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sector
/ˈsɛktər/
(noun). An area or portion that is distinct from others.
vocab
dairy
/ˈdɛri/
(noun). milk, eggs, cheese and other milk products
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mechanical
/məˈkænɪkəl/
(adj). Operated by a machine or machinery.
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substance
/ˈsʌbstəns/
(noun). A particular kind of matter with uniform properties.
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liquid
/ˈlɪkwəd/
(noun). a substance that flows freely and is not a solid or a gas, for example water or oil
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cycle
/ˈsaɪkəl/
(noun). A series of events that are regularly repeated
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vapour
/ˈveɪpə/
(noun). a mass of very small drops of liquid in the air
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compression
/kəmˈprɛʃən/
(noun). the action of compressing or being compressed.
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absorption
/əbˈzɔrpʃən/
(noun). the process or action by which one thing absorbs or is absorbed by another.
vocab
steam
/stim/
(noun). the vapor into which water is converted when heated, forming a white mist of minute water droplets in the air.
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jet
/ʤɛt/
(noun). a jet engine.
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ejector
/ɪˈʤɛktər/
(noun). a device that causes something to be removed or to drop out.
vocab
cellar
/ˈsɛlər/
(noun). an underground room often used for storing things
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spoilage
/ˈspɔɪləʤ/
(noun). the decay of food which means that it can no longer be used
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dissolve
/dɪˈzɑlv/
(verb). to make a solid become part of a liquid
vocab
saltpeter
/ˈsɔːltˌpiːtə/
(noun). a salty-tasting white powder used to preserve meat, and also used in producing explosives and fertilizers
vocab
liquor
/ˈlɪkə/
(noun). strong alcoholic drink
vocab
fashionable
/ˈfæʃənəbəl/
(adj). representing a current popular style. (hợp thời trang)
vocab
potential
/pəˈtɛnʃəl/
(noun). having or showing the capacity to develop into something in the future.
vocab
container
/kənˈteɪnər/
(noun). an object that can be used to hold or transport something.
vocab
distribute
/dɪˈstrɪbjut/
(verb). Supply (goods) to retailers.
vocab
initiate
/ɪˈnɪʃiɪt/
(verb). Cause (a process or action) to begin.
vocab
evaporation
/ɪˌvæpəˈreɪʃən/
(noun). the process of a liquid changing or being changed into a gas
vocab
vacuum
/ˈvækjum/
(noun). a space that is completely empty of all substances, including all air or other gas
vocab
partial
/ˈpɑrʃəl/
(adj). not complete or whole
vocab
portable
/ˈpɔrtəbəl/
(adj). able to be easily carried or moved, especially because being of a lighter and smaller version than usual
vocab
compressor
/kəmˈprɛsər/
(noun). a machine that compresses air or other gases
vocab
bunker
/ˈbʌŋkər/
(noun). a strongly built shelter for soldiers or guns, usually underground
vocab
circulate
/ˈsɜrkjəˌleɪt/
(verb). move or cause to move continuously or freely through a closed system or area
vocab
gravity
/ˈgrævəti/
(noun). The force that attracts a body towards the centre of the earth,
vocab
flap
/flæp/
(noun). a piece of something thin, such as cloth, paper, or metal, hinged or attached only on one side, that covers an opening or hangs down from something.
vocab
cargo
/ˈkɑrˌgoʊ/
(noun). goods carried on a ship, aircraft, or motor vehicle.
vocab
synthetic
/sɪnˈθɛtɪk/
(adj). (of a substance) made by chemical synthesis, especially to imitate a natural product
vocab
prevailing
/prɪˈveɪlɪŋ/
(adj). Existing at a particular time; current.
vocab
devastation
/ˌdɛvəˈsteɪʃən/
(noun). great destruction or damage, especially over a wide area
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application
/ˌæpləˈkeɪʃən/
(noun). the action of putting something into operation.
vocab
vicinity
/vəˈsɪnəti/
(noun). the area near or surrounding a particular place.
vocab

📓 Passage 2: Ancient People in Sahara

engrave
/ɪnˈgreɪv/
(verb). cut or carve (a text or design) on the surface of a hard object
vocab
passage
/ˈpæsəʤ/
(noun). a short extract from a book or other printed material
vocab
fertile
/ˈfɜrtəl/
(adj). that plants grow well in
vocab
barren
/ˈbærən/
(adj). not good enough for plants to grow on it
vocab
flank
/flæŋk/
(noun). the side of something such as a building or mountain
vocab
southern
/ˈsʌðərn/
(adj). situated in the south or directed toward or facing the south.
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remains
/rɪˈmeɪnz/
(noun). the parts left over after other parts have been removed, used, or destroyed
vocab
desert
/ˈdɛzɜrt/
(noun). a place with sand, hot weather and no vegetation
vocab
slope
/sloʊp/
(noun). an area of land that is part of a mountain or hill
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dune
/dun/
(noun). asmall hill of sand formed by the wind, near the sea or in a desert
vocab
scatter
/ˈskætər/
(verb). Throw in various random directions.
vocab
cooperate
/koʊˈɑpəˌreɪt/
(verb). work jointly toward the same end.
vocab
archaeological
/ˌɑrkiəˈlɑʤɪkəl/
(adj). Relating to archaeology.
vocab
ancient
/ˈeɪnʧənt/
(adj). Belonging to the very distant past and no longer in existence.
vocab
acquaint
/əˈkweɪnt/
(verb). to make somebody/yourself familiar with or aware of something
vocab
exploration
/ˌɛkspləˈreɪʃən/
(noun). the act of travelling through a place in order to find out about it
vocab
initial
/ɪˈnɪʃəl/
(adj). Existing or occurring at the beginning.
vocab
sketch
/skɛʧ/
(verb). make a rough drawing of
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destined
/ˈdɛstɪnd/
(adj). regarded as developing as though according to a pre-existing plan.
vocab
site
/saɪt/
(noun). A place where a particular event or activity is occurring or has occurred
vocab
nomad
/ˈnoʊˌmæd/
(noun). a member of a community that moves with its animals from place to place
vocab
roam
/roʊm/
(verb). Move about or travel aimlessly
vocab
excavate
/ˈɛkskəˌveɪt/
(verb). ) Make (a hole or channel) by digging.
vocab
tomb
/tum/
(noun). A large vault, typically an underground one, for burying the dead.
vocab
skeleton
/ˈskɛlətən/
(noun). An internal or external framework of bone, cartilage, or other rigid material
vocab
research
/riˈsɜrʧ/
(noun). the systematic investigation into and study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions
vocab
laboratory
/ˈlæbrəˌtɔri/
(noun). A room or building equipped for scientific experiments
vocab
bundle
/ˈbʌndəl/
(verb). tie or roll up (a number of things) together as though into a parcel.
vocab
burial
/ˈbɛriəl/
(adj). the act or ceremony of burying a dead body
vocab
estimate
/ˈɛstəmət/
(verb). to form an idea of the cost, size, value etc. of something, but without calculating it exactly
vocab
compactly
/kəmˈpæktli/
(adv). in a way that uses or fills only a small amount of space
vocab
artefact
/ˈɑːtɪfækt/
(noun). an object that is made by a person, especially something of historical or cultural interest
vocab
approximately
/əˈprɑksəmətli/
(adv). almost, but not completely
vocab
industrious
/ɪnˈdʌstriəs/
(adj). diligent and hard-working.
vocab
forearm
/ˈfɔˌrɑrm/
(noun). the part of the arm between the elbow and the wrist
vocab
strenuous
/ˈstrɛnjuəs/
(adj). requiring or using great effort or exertion.
vocab
muscle
/ˈmʌsəl/
(noun). a piece of body tissue that you contract and relax in order to move a particular part of the body; the tissue that forms the muscles of the body
vocab
attachment
/əˈtæʧmənt/
(noun). a strong feeling of affection for somebody/something
vocab
lifestyle
/ˈlaɪfˌstaɪl/
(noun). the way in which a person lives.
vocab
observation
/ˌɑbzərˈveɪʃən/
(noun). the act of watching somebody/something carefully for a period of time
vocab
infer
/ɪnˈfɜr/
(verb). to reach an opinion or decide that something is true on the basis of information that is available
vocab
presume
/prɪˈzum/
(verb). suppose that something is the case on the basis of probability.
vocab
herder
/ˈhɛrdər/
(noun). a person who looks after a herd of livestock or makes a living from keeping livestock, especially in open country.
vocab
consistent
/kənˈsɪstənt/
(adj). acting or done in the same way over time, especially so as to be fair or accurate.
vocab
scholar
/ˈskɑlər/
(noun). A specialist in a particular branch of study,
vocab
dominant
/ˈdɑmənənt/
(adj). Having power and influence over others.
vocab
goat
/goʊt/
(noun). a hardy domesticated ruminant animal that has backward curving horns and (in the male) a beard
vocab
transitional
/trænˈsɪʃənəl/
(adj). relating to or characteristic of a process or period of transition.
vocab
professor
/prəˈfɛsər/
(noun). a university teacher of the highest rank
vocab
palaeontologist
/ˌpælɪɒnˈtɒləʤɪst/
(noun). a person who studies fossils
vocab
toffee
/ˈtɑfi/
(noun). a kind of firm or hard candy that softens when sucked or chewed, made by boiling together sugar and butter, often with other ingredients or flavorings added
vocab
massive
/ˈmæsɪv/
(adj). Large and heavy or solid.
vocab
inexorable
/ˌɪˈnɛksərəbəl/
(adj). that cannot be stopped or changed
vocab
prestigious
/prɛˈstɪʤəs/
(adj). respected and admired as very important or of very high quality
vocab
obsessive
/əbˈsɛsɪv/
(adj). Of the nature of an obsession.
vocab
perspective
/pərˈspɛktɪv/
(noun). A particular attitude towards something; a point of view
vocab
willingly
/ˈwɪlɪŋli/
(adv). in a willing way
vocab
alligator
/ˈæləˌgeɪtər/
(noun). a large semiaquatic reptile similar to a crocodile but with a broader and shorter head
vocab
civilization
/ˌsɪvəlɪˈzeɪʃən/
(noun). a state of human society that is very developed and organized
vocab
hippo
/ˈhɪpoʊ/
(noun). another term for hippopotamus.
vocab
vicinity
/vəˈsɪnəti/
(noun). the area near or surrounding a particular place.
vocab
exhume
/ɛkshˈjum/
(verb). to remove a dead body from the ground especially in order to examine how the person died
vocab
femur
/ˈfimər/
(noun). the bone of the thigh or upper hind limb, articulating at the hip and the knee.
vocab
coincide
/ˌkoʊɪnˈsaɪd/
(verb). Occur at the same time.
vocab
contrast
/ˈkɑntræst/
(noun). The state of being strikingly different from something else
vocab
ridge
/rɪʤ/
(noun). a narrow area of high land along the top of a line of hills; a high pointed area near the top of a mountain
vocab
laborious
/ləˈbɔriəs/
(adj). taking a lot of time and effort
vocab
cemetery
/ˈsɛməˌtɛri/
(noun). A large burial ground, especially one not in a churchyard.
vocab
cattle
/ˈkætəl/
(noun). domesticated animals , which give meat and milk
vocab
pastoralist
/ˈpæstərəlɪst/
(noun). a sheep or cattle farmer.
vocab
slaughter
/ˈslɔtər/
(noun). the killing of animals for
vocab

📓 Passage 3: Texting the Television

Factor
/ˈfæktər/
(noun). a circumstance or a fact
vocab
relevant
/ˈrɛləvənt/
(adj). Closely connected or appropriate to what is being done
vocab
interactive
/ˌɪntəˈræktɪv/
(adj). (of two people or things) influencing each other.
vocab
phenomenon
/fəˈnɑməˌnɑn/
(noun). A fact or situation that is observed to exist or happen,
vocab
attribute
/ˈætrəˌbjut/
(verb). regard something as being caused by (someone or something).
vocab
majority
/məˈʤɔrəti/
(noun). The greater number.
vocab
broadcaster
/ˈbrɔdˌkæstər/
(noun). an organization that transmits a programme or information by radio or television.
vocab
supernatural
/ˌsupərˈnæʧərəl/
(adj). attributed to some force beyond scientific understanding
vocab
revenue
/ˈrɛvəˌnu/
(noun). income, especially when of an organization (doanh thu, kết quả kinh doanh)
vocab
appreciable
/əˈpriʃəbəl/
(adj). large or important enough to be noticed.
vocab
certain
/ˈsɜrtən/
(adj). specific but not explicitly named or stated.
vocab
profit
/ˈprɑfət/
(noun). the money that you make in business or by selling things, especially after paying the costs involved
vocab
rival
/ˈraɪvəl/
(adj). competing with other people, companies, products, etc. for the same thing or in the same area
vocab
induce
/ɪnˈdus/
(verb). Succeed in persuading or leading (someone) to do something.
vocab
consultancy
/kənˈsʌltənsi/
(noun). a company that gives expert advice on a particular subject to other companies or organizations
vocab
participant
/pɑrˈtɪsəpənt/
(noun). a person who is taking part in an activity or event
vocab
cryptic
/ˈkrɪptɪk/
(adj). having a meaning that is mysterious or obscure.
vocab
crossword
/ˈkrɔˌswɜrd/
(noun). a puzzle consisting of a grid of squares and blanks into which words crossing vertically and horizontally are written according to clues.
vocab
considerable
/kənˈsɪdərəbəl/
(adj). Notably large in size, amount, or extent.
vocab
proportion
/prəˈpɔrʃən/
(noun). A part, share, or number considered in comparative relation to a whole.
vocab
satisfactory
/ˌsætəˈsfæktri/
(adj). fulfilling expectations or needs; acceptable, though not outstanding or perfect.
vocab
unexpectedly
/ˌʌnɪkˈspɛktɪdli/
(adv). In a way that was not expected or regarded as likely.
vocab
massive
/ˈmæsɪv/
(adj). Large and heavy or solid.
vocab
indispensable
/ˌɪndɪˈspɛnsəbəl/
(adj). absolutely necessary.
vocab
grumble
/ˈgrʌmbəl/
(verb). complain about something in a bad-tempered way.
vocab
database
/ˈdeɪtəˌbeɪs/
(noun). a structured set of data held in a computer, especially one that is accessible in various ways.
vocab
bypass
/ˈbaɪˌpæs/
(verb). a road passing around a town or its center to provide an alternative route for through traffic.
vocab
code
/koʊd/
(noun). A system of words, letters, figures, or symbols used to represent others,
vocab
crucial
/ˈkruʃəl/
(adj). Decisive or critical, especially in the success or failure of something
vocab
aspect
/ˈæˌspɛkt/
(noun). A particular feature of something