The Steam Car IELTS Reading Answers with Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Reading Practice với passage The Steam Car được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Cambridge IELTS Practice Test 18 - Test 3 - Passage 2 với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.

The Steam Car IELTS Reading Answers with Explanation

📖 Bài đọc (reading passage)

The steam car
The successes and failures of the Doble brothers and their steam cars
A. When primitive automobiles first began to appear in the 1800s, their engines were based on steam power. Steam had already enjoyed a long and successful career in the railways, so it was only natural that the technology evolved into a miniaturized version which was separate from the trains. But these early cars inherited steam’s weaknesses along with its strengths. The boilers had to be lit by hand, and they required about twenty minutes to build up pressure before they could be driven. Furthermore, their water reservoirs only lasted for about thirty miles before needing replenishment. Despite such shortcomings, these newly designed self-propelled carriages offered quick transportation, and by the early 1900s it was not uncommon to see such machines shuttling wealthy citizens around town.
B. But the glory days of steam cars were few. A new technology called the Internal Combustion Engine soon appeared, which offered the ability to drive down the road just moments after starting up. At first, these noisy gasoline cars were unpopular because they were more complicated to operate and they had difficult hand-crank starters, which were known to break arms when the engines backfired. But in 1912 General Motors introduced the electric starter, and over the following few years steam power was gradually phased out.
C. Even as the market was declining, four brothers made one last effort to rekindle the technology. Between 1906 and 1909, while still attending high school, Abner Doble and his three brothers built their first steam car in their parents’ basement. It comprised parts taken from a wrecked early steam car but reconfigured to drive an engine of their own design. Though it did not run well, the Doble brothers went on to build a second and third prototype in the following years. Though the Doble boys’ third prototype, nicknamed the Model B, still lacked the convenience of an internal combustion engine, it drew the attention of automobile trade magazines due to its numerous improvements over previous steam cars. The Model B proved to be superior to gasoline automobiles in many ways. Its high-pressure steam drove the engine pistons in virtual silence, in contrast to clattering gas engines which emitted the aroma of burned hydrocarbons. Perhaps most impressively, the Model B was amazingly swift. It could accelerate from zero to sixty miles per hour in just fifteen seconds, a feat described as ‘remarkable acceleration’ by Automobile magazine in 1914.
D. The following year Abner Doble drove the Model B from Massachusetts to Detroit in order to seek investment in his automobile design, which he used to open the General Engineering Company. He and his brothers immediately began working on the Model C, which was intended to expand upon the innovations of the Model B. The brothers added features such as a key-based ignition in the cabin, eliminating the need for the operator to manually ignite the boiler. With these enhancements, the Dobles” new car company promised a steam vehicle which would provide all of the convenience of a gasoline car, but with much greater speed, much simpler driving controls, and a virtually silent powerplant. By the following April, the General Engineering Company had received 5,390 deposits for Doble Detroits, which were scheduled for delivery in early 1918.
E. Later that year Abner Doble delivered unhappy news to those eagerly awaiting the delivery of their modern new cars. Those buyers who received the handful of completed cars complained that the vehicles were sluggish and erratic, sometimes going in reverse when they should go forward. The new engine design, though innovative, was still plagued with serious glitches.
F. The brothers made one final attempt to produce a viable steam automobile. In early 1924, the Doble brothers shipped a Model E to New York City to be road-tested by the Automobile Club of America. After sitting overnight in freezing temperatures, the car was pushed out into the road and left to sit for over an hour in the frosty morning air. At the turn of the key, the boiler lit and reached its operating pressure inside of forty seconds. As they drove the test vehicle further, they found that its evenly distributed weight lent it surprisingly good handling, even though it was so heavy. As the new Doble steamer was further developed and tested, its maximum speed was pushed to over a hundred miles per hour, and it achieved about fifteen miles per gallon of kerosene with negligible emissions.
G. Sadly, the Dobles’ brilliant steam car never was a financial success. Priced at around $18,000 in 1924, it was popular only among the very wealthy. Plus, it is said that no two Model Es were quite the same, because Abner Doble tinkered endlessly with the design. By the time the company folded in 1931, fewer than fifty of the amazing Model E steam cars had been produced. For his whole career, until his death in 1961, Abner Doble remained adamant that steam-powered automobiles were at least equal to gasoline cars, if not superior. Given the evidence, he may have been right. Many of the Model E Dobles which have survived are still in good working condition, some having been driven over half a million miles with only normal maintenance. Astonishingly, an unmodified Doble Model E runs clean enough to pass the emissions laws in California today, and they are pretty strict. It is true that the technology poses some difficult problems, but you cannot help but wonder how efficient a steam car might be with the benefit of modern materials and computers. Under the current pressure to improve automotive performance and reduce emissions, it is not unthinkable that the steam car may rise again.

❓ Câu hỏi (questions)

Question 1 - 7
Reading Passage has seven paragraphs, A-G.
Choose the correct heading for each paragraph from the list of headings below.
Write the correct number, i - viii, in boxes on your answer sheet.
List of Headings
A period in cold conditions before the technology is assessed
Marketing issues lead to failure
Good and bad aspects of steam technology are passed on
A possible solution to the issues of today
Further improvements lead to commercial orders
Positive publicity at last for this quiet, clean, fast vehicle
A disappointing outcome for customers
A better option than the steam car arises
Paragraph A
Paragraph B
Paragraph C
Paragraph D
Paragraph E
Paragraph F
Paragraph G
Question 8 - 10
Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.
Write the correct letter in boxes on your answer sheet.
What point does the writer make about the steam car in Paragraph B?
Its success was short-lived.
Not enough cars were made.
Car companies found them hard to sell.
People found them hard to drive.
When building their first steam car, the Doble brothers
constructed all the parts themselves.
made written notes at each stage of the construction.
needed several attempts to achieve a competitive model.
sought the advice of experienced people in the car industry.
In order to produce the Model C, the Doble brothers
moved production to a different city.
raised financial capital.
employed an additional worker.
abandoned their earlier designs.
Question 11 - 13
Complete the summary below.
Choose ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer.
Write your answers in boxes on your answer sheet.
The Model E

The Model E was road-tested in 1924 by the Automobile Club of America. They found it easy to drive, despite its weight, and it impressed the spectators. A later version of the Model E raised its

 while keeping its emissions extremely low.

The steam car was too expensive for many people and its design was constantly being altered. Under

 cars were produced before the company went out of business. However, even today, there are Model Es on the road in the US. They are straightforward to maintain, and they satisfy California’s

emissions laws. Perhaps today’s technology and materials would help us revive the steam car.

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)


Giải thích chi tiết

Nếu chỉ scan skim mà không hiểu main idea thì dễ chọn vi. Positive publicity at last for this quiet, clean, fast vehicle cross

(do trong đoạn có "quick transportation"). Tuy nhiên, đây chỉ là một chi tiết nhỏ chứ không nói lên ý chính của đoạn.

smiley34 Áp dụng DOL’s Linearthinking để hiểu đoạn A.

Câu 1 : Động cơ của xe hơi thời ban sơ làm bằng hơi nước.

Câu  2 : Hơi nước trước đó đã thành công (với tàu hỏa) => được áp dụng với một version nhỏ hơn là xe hơi.

Xem full giải thích