Why Zoos Are Good IELTS Reading Answers with Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Reading Practice với passage Why Zoos Are Good được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Cambridge IELTS Practice Test 14 - Test 4 - Passage 2 với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.

Why Zoos Are Good IELTS Reading Answers with Explanation

📖 Bài đọc (reading passage)

Why zoos are good
Scientist David Hone makes the case for zoos
A. In my view, it is perfectly possible for many species of animals living in zoos or wildlife parks to have a quality of life as high as, or higher than, in the wild. Animals in good zoos get a varied and high-quality diet with all the supplements required, and any illnesses they might have will be treated. Their movement might be somewhat restricted, but they have a safe environment in which to live, and they are spared bullying and social ostracism by others of their kind. They do not suffer from the threat or stress of predators, or the irritation and pain of parasites or injuries. The average captive animal will have a greater life expectancy compared with its wild counterpart, and will not die of drought, of starvation or in the jaws of a predator. A lot of very nasty things happen to truly 'wild' animals that simply don't happen in good zoos, and to view a life that is 'free' as one that is automatically 'good' is, I think, an error. Furthermore, zoos serve several key purposes.
B. Firstly, zoos aid conservation. Colossal numbers of species are becoming extinct across the world, and many more are increasingly threatened and therefore risk extinction. Moreover, some of these collapses have been sudden, dramatic and unexpected, or were simply discovered very late in the day. A species protected in captivity can be bred up to provide a reservoir population against a population crash or extinction in the wild. A good number of species only exist in captivity, with many of these living in zoos. Still more only exist in the wild because they have been reintroduced from zoos, or have wild populations that have been boosted by captive bred animals. Without these efforts there would be fewer species alive today. Although reintroduction successes are few and far between, the numbers are increasing, and the very fact that species have been saved or reintroduced as a result of captive breeding proves the value of such initiatives.
C. Zoos also provide education. Many children and adults, especially those in cities, will never see a wild animal beyond a fox or pigeon. While it is true that television documentaries are becoming ever more detailed and impressive, and many natural history specimens are on display in museums, there really is nothing to compare with seeing a living creature in the flesh, hearing it, smelling it, watching what it does and having the time to absorb details. That alone will bring a greater understanding and perspective to many, and hopefully give them a greater appreciation for wildlife, conservation efforts and how they can contribute.
D. In addition to this, there is also the education that can take place in zoos through signs, talks and presentations which directly communicate information to visitors about the animals they are seeing and their place in the world. This was an area where zoos used to be lacking, but they are now increasingly sophisticated in their communication and outreach work. Many zoos also work directly to educate conservation workers in other countries, or send their animal keepers abroad to contribute their knowledge and skills to those working in zoos and reserves, thereby helping to improve conditions and reintroductions all over the world.
E. Zoos also play a key role in research. If we are to save wild species and restore and repair ecosystems we need to know about how key species live, act and react. Being able to undertake research on animals in zoos where there is less risk and fewer variables means real changes can be effected on wild populations. Finding out about, for example, the oestrus cycle of an animal or its breeding rate helps us manage wild populations. Procedures such as capturing and moving at-risk or dangerous individuals are bolstered by knowledge gained in zoos about doses for anesthetics, and by experience in handling and transporting animals. This can make a real difference to conservation efforts and to the reduction of human-animal conflicts, and can provide a knowledge base for helping with the increasing threats of habitat destruction and other problems.
F. In conclusion, considering the many ongoing global threats to the environment, it is hard for me to see zoos as anything other than essential to the long-term survival of numerous species. They are vital not just in terms of protecting animals, but as a means of learning about them to aid those still in the wild, as well as educating and informing the general population about these animals and their world so that they can assist or at least accept the need to be more environmentally conscious. Without them, the world would be, and would increasingly become, a much poorer place.

❓ Câu hỏi (questions)

Question 1 - 4
Reading Passage has six paragraphs, A-F.
Which paragraph contains the following information?
Write the correct letter, A-F, in boxes on your answer sheet.
a reference to how quickly animal species can die out
reasons why it is preferable to study animals in captivity rather than in the wild
mention of two ways of learning about animals other than visiting them in zoos
reasons why animals in zoos may be healthier than those in the wild
Question 5 - 9
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage?
In following statements below, choose
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this
An animal is likely to live longer in a zoo than in the wild.
There are some species in zoos which can no longer be found in the wild.
Improvements in the quality of TV wildlife documentaries have resulted in increased numbers of zoo visitors.
Zoos have always excelled at transmitting information about animals to the public.
Studying animals in zoos is less stressful for the animals than studying them in the wild.
Question 10 - 11
Choose TWO letters, A-E.
Write the correct letters in boxes on your answer sheet.

Which TWO of the following are stated about zoo staff in the text?
Some take part in television documentaries about animals.
Some travel to overseas locations to join teams in zoos.
Some get experience with species in the wild before taking up zoo jobs.
Some teach people who are involved with conservation projects.
Some specialise in caring for species which are under threat.
Question 12 - 13
Choose TWO letters, A-E.
Write the correct letters in boxes on your answer sheet.
Which TWO of these beliefs about zoos does the writer mention in the text?
They can help children overcome their fears of wild animals.
They can increase public awareness of environmental issues.
They can provide employment for a range of professional people.
They can generate income to support wildlife conservation projects.
They can raise animals which can later be released into the wild.

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)


Giải thích chi tiết

Với Linearthinking smiley18

smiley5 Tip: Đối với dạng Matching Information, nên làm cuối cùng sau khi đã làm các dạng câu hỏi khác, vì lúc này bạn đã phần nào nắm được nội dung bài đọc => có thể tìm info nhanh hơn.

Step 1: Đọc hiểu câu hỏi & imagine paraphrase

a reference to …: sự đề cập đến ….

  • die out: (tuyệt chủng) stop existing -> có thể bài sẽ dùng các từ đồng nghĩa

  • how quickly: có thể sẽ miêu tả độ nhanh => chú ý tìm các từ ngữ nói về tốc độ nhanh/chậm

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