Monkeys And Forests IELTS Reading Answers with Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Reading Practice với passage Monkeys And Forests được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Actual Test 4 - Test 3 - Passage 3 với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.
Monkeys And Forests IELTS Reading Answers with Explanation

📖 Bài đọc (reading passage)

Monkeys and Forests
AS AN EAST WIND blasts through a gap in the Cordillera de Tilaran, a rugged mountain range that splits northern Costa Rica in half, a female mantled howler monkey moves through the swaying trees of the forest canopy.
A
A. Ken Glander, a primatologist from Duke University, gazes into the canopy, tracking the female’s movements. Holding a dart gun, he waits with infinite patience for the right moment to shoot. With great care, Glander aims and fires. Hit in the rump, the monkey wobbles. This howler belongs to a population that has lived for decades at Hacienda La Pacifica, a working cattle ranch in Guanacaste province. Other native primates -white-faced capuchin monkeys and spider monkeys - once were common in this area, too, but vanished after the Pan-American Highway was built nearby in the 1950s. Most of the surrounding land was clear-cut for pasture.
B
B. Howlers persist at La Pacifica, Glander explains, because they are leaf-eaters. They eat fruit, when it’s available but, unlike capuchin and spider monkeys, do not depend on large areas of fruiting trees. “Howlers can survive anyplace you have half a dozen trees, because their eating habits are so flexible,” he says. In forests, life is an arms race between trees and the myriad creatures that feed on leaves. Plants have evolved a variety of chemical defenses, ranging from bad-tasting tannins, which bind with plant-produced nutrients, rendering them indigestible, to deadly poisons, such as alkaloids and cyanide.
C
C. All primates, including humans, have some ability to handle plant toxins. “We can detoxify a dangerous poison known as caffeine, which is deadly to a lot of animals:” Glander says. For leaf-eaters, long-term exposure to a specific plant toxin can increase their ability to defuse the poison and absorb the leaf nutrients. The leaves that grow in regenerating forests, like those at La Pacifica, are actually more howler friendly than those produced by the undisturbed, centuries-old trees that survive farther south, in the Amazon Basin. In younger forests, trees put most of their limited energy into growing wood, leaves and fruit, so they produce much lower levels of toxin than do well-established, old-growth trees.
D
D. The value of maturing forests to primates is a subject of study at Santa Rosa National Park, about 35 miles northwest of Hacienda La Pacifica. The park hosts populations not only of mantled howlers but also of white-faced capuchins and spider monkeys. Yet the forests there are young, most of them less than 50 years old. Capuchins were the first to begin using the reborn forests, when the trees were as young as 14 years. Howlers, larger and heavier than capuchins, need somewhat older trees, with limbs that can support their greater body weight. A working ranch at Hacienda La Pacifica also explain their population boom in Santa Rosa. “Howlers are more resilient than capuchins and spider monkeys for several reasons,” Fedigan explains. “They can live within a small home range, as long as the trees have the right food for them. Spider monkeys, on the other hand, occupy a huge home range, so they can’t make it in fragmented habitat.”
E
E. Howlers also reproduce faster than do other monkey species in the area. Capuchins don’t bear their first young until about 7 years old, and spider monkeys do so even later, but howlers give birth for the first time at about 3.5 years of age. Also, while a female spider monkey will have a baby about once every four years, well-fed howlers can produce an infant every two years.
F
F. The leaves howlers eat hold plenty of water, so the monkeys can survive away from open streams and water holes. This ability gives them a real advantage over capuchin and spider monkeys, which have suffered during the long, ongoing drought in Guanacaste.
G
G. Growing human population pressures in Central and South America have led to persistent destruction of forests. During the 1990s, about 1.1 million acres of Central American forest were felled yearly. Alejandro Estrada, an ecologist at Estacion de Biologia Los Tuxtlas in Veracruz, Mexico, has been exploring how monkeys survive in a landscape increasingly shaped by humans. He and his colleagues recently studied the ecology of a group of mantled howler monkeys that thrive in a habitat completely altered by humans: a cacao plantation in Tabasco, Mexico. Like many varieties of coffee, cacao plants need shade to grow, so 40 years ago the landowners planted fig, monkey pod and other tall trees to form a protective canopy over their crop. The howlers moved in about 25 years ago after nearby forests were cut. This strange habitat, a hodgepodge of cultivated native and exotic plants, seems to support about as many monkeys as would a same-sized patch of wild forest. The howlers eat the leaves and fruit of the shade trees, leaving the valuable cacao pods alone, so the farmers tolerate them.
H
H. Estrada believes the monkeys bring underappreciated benefits to such farms, dispersing the seeds of fig and other shade trees and fertilizing the soil with feces. He points out that howler monkeys live in shade coffee and cacao plantations in Nicaragua and Costa Rica as well as in Mexico. Spider monkeys also forage in such plantations, though they need nearby areas of forest to survive in the long term. He hopes that farmers will begin to see the advantages of associating with wild monkeys, which includes potential ecotourism projects. “Conservation is usually viewed as a conflict between agricultural practices and the need to preserve nature, ” Estrada says. “We ’re moving away from that vision and beginning to consider ways in which agricultural activities may become a tool for the conservation ofprimates in human-modified landscapes. ”

❓ Câu hỏi (questions)

Question 1 - 6
The reading Passage has eight paragraphs A-H.
Which paragraph contains the following information?
1
A reference of rate of reduction in forest habitats
2
An area where only one species of monkey survived while other two species vanished
3
A reason for howler monkey to choose new leaves as food over old ones
4
Mention to howler monkey’s diet and eating habits
5
A reference of asking farmers’ changing attitude toward wildlife
6
The advantage for howler monkey’s flexibility living in a segmented habitat
Question 7 - 9
Look at the following places and the list of descriptions below.
Match each description with the correct place, A-E.
List of Findings
A
Hacienda La Pacifica
B
Santa Rosa National Park
C
A cacao plantation in Tabasco, Mexico
D
Estacion de Biologia Los Tuxtlas in Veracruz, Mexico
E
Amazon Basin
7
A place where howler monkeys benefit to the local region’s agriculture
8
A place where it is the original home for all three native monkeys
9
A place where capuchins monkey comes for a better habitat
Question 10 - 14
Complete the sentences below.
Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.
The reasons why howler monkeys survive better in local region than other two species
Howlers live between in La Pacifica since they can feed themselves with leaves when 
10

 is not easily found
Howlers have better ability to alleviate the 
11

 , which old and young trees used to protect themselves
When compared to that of spider monkeys and capuchin monkeys, the 
12

rate of howlers is relatively faster (round for just every 2 years).
The monkeys can survive away from open streams and water holes as the leaves howlers eat hold high content of 
13

 , which helps them to resist the continuous 
14

  in Guanacaste.

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)

1
G

Giải thích chi tiết

smiley5 Hiểu câu hỏi: A reference of rate of reduction in forest habitats

=> Sự đề cập tới tốc độ thu hẹp của rừng

=> 'rate of reduction' -> liên tưởng tới số liệu nào mà được dùng để diễn tả tốc độ thu hẹp

=> Từ đó tìm được thông tin ở đoạn G check

smiley26 Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

Xem full giải thích