Từ Vựng IELTS Online Test Actual Test 6 - Reading Test 3

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Từ Vựng IELTS Online Test Actual Test 6 - Reading Test 3

📓 Passage 1: Timekeeper - Invention of Marine Chronometer

background
/ˈbækˌgraʊnd/
(noun). the details of a person’s family, education, experience, etc
vocab
self-taught
/sɛlf-tɔt/
(adj). Someone who is self-taught has taught himself or herself a particular skill
vocab
inspire
/ɪnˈspaɪr/
(verb). Fill (someone) with the urge or ability to do or feel something
vocab
carpenter
/ˈkɑrpəntər/
(noun). A person who makes and repairs wooden objects and structures.
vocab
navigation
/ˈnævəˈgeɪʃən/
(noun). the process or activity of accurately ascertaining one's position and planning and following a route
vocab
shipwreck
/ˈʃɪprɛk/
(noun). The destruction of a ship at sea by sinking or breaking up
vocab
financial
/fəˈnænʃəl/
(adj). relating to finance
vocab
aid
/eɪd/
(noun). Help, typically of a practical nature.
vocab
analysis
/əˈnæləsəs/
(noun). Detailed examination of the elements or structure of something.
vocab
long-term
/ˈlɔŋˈtɜrm/
(adj). occurring over or relating to a long period of time
vocab
format
/ˈfɔrˌmæt/
(noun). the general arrangement, plan, design, etc. of something
vocab
system
/ˈsɪstəm/
(noun). a set of things working together as parts of a mechanism or an interconnecting network
vocab
marine
/məˈrin/
(adj). of, found in, or produced by the sea
vocab
chronometer
/krəˈnɒmɪtə/
(noun). an instrument for measuring time accurately
vocab
genuine
/ˈʤɛnjəwən/
(adj). real; exactly what it appears to be; not artificial
vocab
modem
/ˈmoʊdəm/
(noun). (Modem) a device that connects one computer system to another using a telephone line so that data can be sent
vocab
commercial
/kəˈmɜrʃəl/
(adj). Concerned with or engaged in commerce.
vocab
pragmatic
/prægˈmætɪk/
(adj). Dealing with things sensibly and realistically in a way that is based on practical rather than theoretical considerations
vocab
practical
/ˈpræktəkəl/
(adj). connected with real situations rather than with ideas or theories
vocab
usage
/ˈjusəʤ/
(noun). The action of using something or the fact of being used.
vocab
longitude
/ˈlɑnʤəˌtud/
(noun). the distance of a place east or west of the Greenwich meridian, measured in degrees
vocab
measure
/ˈmɛʒər/
(verb). Ascertain the size, amount, or degree of (something) by using an instrument
vocab
limitation
/ˌlɪmɪˈteɪʃən/
(noun). the act or process of limiting or controlling somebody/something
vocab
baseline
/ˈbeɪˌslaɪn/
(noun). a minimum or starting point used for comparisons
vocab
equator
/ɪˈkweɪtər/
(noun). A line notionally drawn on the earth equidistant from the poles,
vocab
sailor
/ˈseɪlər/
(noun). to work as a member of the crew of a commercial or naval ship
vocab
calculate
/ˈkælkjəˌleɪt/
(verb). to judge the number or amount of something by using the information that you already have, and adding, taking away, multiplying, or dividing numbers
vocab
angle
/ˈæŋgəl/
(noun). the space (usually measured in degrees) between two intersecting lines or surfaces at or close to the point where they meet
vocab
naval
/ˈneɪvəl/
(adj). connected with the navy of a country
vocab
sextant
/ˈsɛkstənt/
(noun). an instrument for measuring angles and distances, used to calculate the exact position of a ship or an aircraft.
vocab
specific
/spəˈsɪfɪk/
(adj). clearly defined or identified
vocab
lunar
/ˈlunər/
(adj). connected with the moon
vocab
nautical
/ˈnɔtəkəl/
(adj). Of or concerning sailors or navigation
vocab
almanac
/ˈɑlməˌnæk/
(noun). An annual calendar containing important dates and statistical information such as astronomical data and tide tables.
vocab
reliance
/rɪˈlaɪəns/
(noun). Dependence on or trust in someone or something.
vocab
crew
/kru/
(noun). A group of people who work closely together
vocab
navigator
/ˈnævəˌgeɪtər/
(noun). A person who navigates a ship, aircraft, etc.
vocab
measurement
/ˈmɛʒərmənt/
(noun). the act or the process of finding the size, quantity or degree of something
vocab
heavenly
/ˈhɛvənli/
(adj). Of the heavens or sky.
vocab
timekeeper
/ˈtaɪmˌkiːpə/
(noun). a person who measures or records the amount of time taken, especially in a sports competition.
vocab
propose
/prəˈpoʊz/
(verb). to suggest a plan, an idea, etc. for people to think about and decide on
vocab
error
/ˈɛrər/
(noun). A mistake
vocab
lubrication
/ˌlubrɪˈkeɪʃən/
(noun). The action of applying a substance such as oil or grease to an engine or component so as to minimize friction and allow smooth movement.
vocab
accurately
/ˈækjərətli/
(adv). in a way that is correct and true in every detail; exactly
vocab
turret
/ˈtɜrət/
(noun). A small tower on top of a larger tower or at the corner of a building or wall, typically of a castle.
vocab
stable
/ˈsteɪbəl/
(noun). a building set apart and adapted for keeping horses.
vocab
revolutionary
/ˌrɛvəˈluʃəˌnɛri/
(adj). connected with political revolution
vocab
competitor
/kəmˈpɛtətər/
(noun). a person who takes part in an athletic contest
vocab
principal
/ˈprɪnsəpəl/
(adj). First in order of importance; main. >< secondary, minor
vocab
contestant
/kənˈtɛstənt/
(noun). a person who takes part in a contest or competition
vocab
mathematician
/ˌmæθəməˈtɪʃən/
(noun). a person who is an expert in mathematics
vocab
instrument
/ˈɪnstrəmənt/
(noun). a tool or device used for a particular task, especially for delicate or scientific work
vocab
adopt
/əˈdɑpt/
(verb). Take on or assume (an attitude or position)
vocab
horizon
/həˈraɪzən/
(noun). The line at which the earth's surface and the sky appear to meet
vocab
modern
/ˈmɑdərn/
(adj). of the present time or recent times
vocab
figure
/ˈfɪgjər/
(noun). a person of a particular kind, especially one who is important or distinctive in some way
vocab
ultimate
/ˈʌltəmət/
(adj). happening at the end of a long process
vocab
escapement
/ɪˈskeɪpmənt/
(noun). A mechanism in a clock or watch
vocab
detent
/dɪˈtɛnt/
(noun). A catch in a machine which prevents motion until released
vocab
coordinate
/koʊˈɔrdənət/
(verb). to organize different parts of an activity and people involved in it so that it works well
vocab
inconvenience
/ˌɪnkənˈvinjəns/
(noun). Trouble or difficulty caused to one's personal requirements or comfort.
vocab
fluctuating
/ˈflʌkʧəˌweɪtɪŋ/
(adj). Rising and falling irregularly in number or amount.
vocab
attempt
/əˈtɛmpt/
(noun). an effort to achieve or complete a difficult task or action.
vocab
tremendous
/trəˈmɛndəs/
(adj). Very great in amount, scale, or intensity.
vocab
alternate
/ˈɔltɜrnət/
(verb). Occur in turn repeatedly.
vocab
adequately
/ˈædəkwətli/
(adv). in a way that is enough in quantity
vocab

📓 Passage 2: The Evolutionary Mystery- Crocodile Survives

historical
/hɪˈstɔrɪkəl/
(adj). Of or concerning history or past events.
vocab
supreme
/səˈprim/
(adj). (of authority or an office, or someone holding it) superior to all others.
vocab
survivor
/sərˈvaɪvər/
(noun). a person who survives, especially a person remaining alive after an event in which others have died
vocab
crocodile
/ˈkrɑkəˌdaɪl/
(noun). A large predatory semiaquatic reptile with long jaws, long tail, short legs, and a horny textured skin.
vocab
primitive
/ˈprɪmətɪv/
(adj). belonging to a very simple society with no industry
vocab
ancestor
/ˈænˌsɛstər/
(noun). a person, typically one more remote than a grandparent
vocab
adapt
/əˈdæpt/
(verb). Make (something) suitable for a new use or purpose
vocab
lifestyle
/ˈlaɪfˌstaɪl/
(noun). the way in which a person lives.
vocab
contemporary
/kənˈtɛmpəˌrɛri/
(adj). Living or occurring at the same time
vocab
reptile
/ˈrɛptaɪl/
(noun). a vertebrate animal of a class that includes snakes, lizards,
vocab
extinct
/ɪkˈstɪŋkt/
(adj). (of a species, family, or other larger group) having no living members
vocab
climate
/ˈklaɪmət/
(noun). The weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period.
vocab
witness
/ˈwɪtnəs/
(verb). see (an event, typically a crime or accident) take place
vocab
dinosaur
/ˈdaɪnəˌsɔr/
(noun). a fossil reptile of the Mesozoic era, in many species reaching an enormous size
vocab
planet
/ˈplænət/
(noun). A celestial body moving
vocab
alleged
/əˈlɛʤd/
(adj). stated as a fact but without any proof
vocab
mammalian
/məˈmeɪliən/
(adj). Relating to or denoting a mammal.
vocab
dominance
/ˈdɑmənəns/
(noun). Power and influence over others.
vocab
alligator
/ˈæləˌgeɪtər/
(noun). A large semiaquatic reptile similar to a crocodile but with a broader and shorter head, native to the Americas and China
vocab
prehistoric
/ˌprihɪˈstɔrɪk/
(adj). relating to or denoting the period before written records.
vocab
incredibly
/ɪnˈkrɛdəbli/
(adv). To a great degree; extremely.
vocab
adaptive
/əˈdæptɪv/
(adj). concerned with changing; able to change when necessary in order to deal with different situations
vocab
roamer
/ˈroʊmər/
(noun). someone who likes to move around and travel, especially without a clear idea of what they want to do
vocab
existence
/ɛgˈzɪstəns/
(noun). The fact or state of living or having objective reality.
vocab
approximately
/əˈprɑksəmətli/
(adv). almost, but not completely
vocab
feature
/ˈfiʧər/
(noun). a distinctive attribute or aspect of something.
vocab
stealth
/stɛlθ/
(noun). Cautious and surreptitious action or movement.
vocab
streamline
/ˈstrimˌlaɪn/
(verb). design or provide with a form that presents very little resistance to a flow of air or water, increasing speed and ease of movement
vocab
streamlined
/ˈstrimˌlaɪnd/
(adj). having a streamlined shape.
vocab
tail
/teɪl/
(noun). a thing resembling an animal's tail in its shape or position, typically something extending downward or outward at the end of something.
vocab
armour
/ˈɑrmər/
(noun). the metal coverings formerly worn by soldiers or warriors
vocab
jaw
/ʤɔ/
(noun). each of the upper and lower bony structures in vertebrates forming the framework of the mouth and containing the teeth
vocab
webbed
/wɛbd/
(adj). having the toes connected by a membrane
vocab
capacity
/kəˈpæsəti/
(noun). A specified role or position
vocab
underestimate
/ˈʌndəˈrɛstəmət/
(verb). to not realize how good, strong, determined, etc. somebody really is
vocab
especially
/əˈspɛʃli/
(adv). more in particular circumstances than in others
vocab
metabolism
/məˈtæbəˌlɪzəm/
(noun). The chemical processes that occur within a living organism in order to maintain life.
vocab
unique
/juˈnik/
(adj). being the only one of its kind; unlike anything else.
vocab
coldblooded
/ˈkəʊldˈblʌdɪd/
(adj). (of a kind of animal) having a body temperature varying with that of the environment; poikilothermic.
vocab
surrounding
/səˈraʊndɪŋ/
(adj). All round a particular place or thing.
vocab
consequently
/ˈkɑnsəkwəntli/
(adv). As a result.
vocab
exposure
/ɪkˈspoʊʒər/
(noun). The state of being exposed to contact with something.
vocab
sunlight
/ˈsʌnˌlaɪt/
(noun). light from the sun
vocab
vulnerable
/ˈvʌlnərəbəl/
(adj). Exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally
vocab
shortage
/ˈʃɔrtəʤ/
(noun). A state or situation in which something needed cannot be obtained i
vocab
survive
/sərˈvaɪv/
(verb). remain alive
vocab
outlive
/ˌaʊtˈlɪv/
(verb). (of a person) live longer than (another person).
vocab
volatile
/ˈvɑlətəl/
(adj). liable to change rapidly and unpredictably, especially for the worse.
vocab
intake
/ˈɪnˌteɪk/
(noun). an amount of food, air, or another substance taken into the body
vocab
efficient
/ɪˈfɪʃənt/
(adj). effective with the least energy/manpower consumed
vocab
prey
/preɪ/
(noun). An animal that is hunted and killed by another for food.
vocab
vibration
/vaɪˈbreɪʃən/
(noun). An instance of vibrating
vocab
switch
/swɪʧ/
(verb). change the position, direction of something
vocab
snatch
/snæʧ/
(verb). Quickly seize (something) in a rude or eager way.
vocab
waterside
/ˈwɔːtəsaɪd/
(noun). the edge of or area adjoining a sea, lake, or river.
vocab
anticipation
/ænˌtɪsəˈpeɪʃən/
(noun). The action of anticipating something; expectation or prediction
vocab
gazelle
/gəˈzɛl/
(noun). a small slender antelope that typically has curved horns and a yellowish-brown coat with white underparts
vocab
ambush
/ˈæmˌbʊʃ/
(noun). surprise attack on (someone) from a concealed position
vocab
drown
/draʊn/
(verb). to die because you have been underwater too long and you cannot breathe; to kill somebody in this way
vocab
favorable
/ˈfeɪvərəbəl/
(adj). Expressing approval.
vocab
impact
/ˈɪmpækt/
(verb). contact strongly with another object
vocab
drought
/draʊt/
(noun). A prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall
vocab
habitat
/ˈhæbəˌtæt/
(noun). The natural home or environment of an animal, plant, or other organism.
vocab
regulate
/ˈrɛgjəˌleɪt/
(verb). Control or maintain the rate or speed of (a machine or process) so that it operates properly.
vocab
mud
/mʌd/
(noun). wet earth that is soft and sticky
vocab
transform
/trænˈsfɔrm/
(verb). Make a marked change in the form, nature, or appearance of.
vocab
quiescent
/kwaɪˈɛsənt/
(adj). in a state or period of inactivity or dormancy.
vocab
aestivation
/ˈestɪveɪʃn/
(noun). Prolonged torpor or dormancy of an insect, fish, or amphibian during a hot or dry period.
vocab
mechanism
/ˈmɛkəˌnɪzəm/
(noun). A natural or established process by which something takes place
vocab
detect
/dɪˈtɛkt/
(verb). Discover or identify the presence or existence of.
vocab
metabolic
/ˌmɛtəˈbɑlɪk/
(adj). Relating to or deriving from the metabolism of a living organism.
vocab
flux
/flʌks/
(noun). The action or process of flowing
vocab
plasma
/ˈplæzmə/
(noun). The colourless fluid part of blood, lymph, or milk, in which corpuscles or fat globules are suspended.
vocab
fluid
/ˈfluəd/
(noun). A substance that has no fixed shape and yields easily to external pressure;
vocab
sample
/ˈsæmpəl/
(noun). A small part or quantity intended to show what the whole is like.
vocab
accumulation
/əˌkjumjəˈleɪʃən/
(noun). The acquisition or gradual gathering of something.
vocab
nitrogenous
/naɪˈtrɑʤənəs/
(adj). Containing nitrogen in chemical combination.
vocab
electrolyte
/ɪˈlɛktrəʊlaɪt/
(noun). a liquid or gel that contains ions and can be decomposed by electrolysis, e.g., that present in a battery.
vocab
concentration
/ˌkɑnsənˈtreɪʃən/
(noun). The relative amount of a particular substance contained within a solution or mixture
vocab
function
/ˈfʌŋkʃən/
(verb). work or operate in a proper or particular way.
vocab
urine
/ˈjɜrən/
(noun). a watery, typically yellowish fluid stored in the bladder and discharged through the urethra. It is one of the body's chief means of eliminating excess water and salt
vocab
reserve
/rɪˈzɜrv/
(noun). a supply of a commodity not needed for immediate use but available if required
vocab
fluctuate
/ˈflʌkʧəˌweɪt/
(verb). rise and fall irregularly in number or amount.
vocab
proportional
/prəˈpɔrʃənəl/
(adj). Corresponding in size or amount to something else.
vocab
emerge
/ɪˈmɜrʤ/
(verb). move out of way and become visible
vocab
dehydration
/ˌdihaɪˈdreɪʃən/
(noun). the loss or removal of water from something
vocab
reckon
/ˈrɛkən/
(verb). be of the opinion.
vocab
harsh
/hɑrʃ/
(adj). cruel, severe and unkind
vocab
starvation
/stɑrˈveɪʃən/
(noun). Suffering or death caused by lack of food.
vocab
survival
/sərˈvaɪvəl/
(noun). the act or fact of living or continuing longer than another person or thing
vocab
throughout
/θruˈaʊt/
(adv). during a whole period of time.
vocab
scheme
/skim/
(noun). A large-scale systematic plan or arrangement for attaining some particular object
vocab
evolve
/ɪˈvɑlv/
(verb). develop gradually and in distinct stages
vocab
freshwater
/ˈfrɛˌʃwɔtər/
(adj). of or found in fresh water; not of the sea
vocab
resource
/ˈrisɔrs/
(noun). A stock or supply of money, materials, staff, and other assets
vocab
access
/ˈækˌsɛs/
(noun). the means or opportunity to approach or enter a place
vocab
tough
/tʌf/
(adj). (of a person) strong and prone to violence
vocab
display
/dɪˈspleɪ/
(verb). Put (something) in a prominent place
vocab
retain
/rɪˈteɪn/
(verb). Continue to have (something); keep possession of.
vocab
proportionately
/prəˈpɔrʃənətli/
(adv). In a way that corresponds in size or amount to something else.
vocab
aestivate
/ˈestɪveɪt/
(verb). To be in a dormant or torpid state during a hot dry period, such as the summer months.
vocab

📓 Passage 3: Company Innovation

safeguard
/ˈseɪfˌgɑrd/
(noun). A measure taken to protect someone
vocab
innovative
/ˈɪnəˌveɪtɪv/
(adj). featuring new methods; advanced and original
vocab
license
/ˈlaɪsəns/
(noun). a permit of authority to do something
vocab
intellectual
/ˌɪntəˈlɛkʧuəl/
(adj). well educated and connected with logical processes
vocab
property
/ˈprɑpərti/
(noun). A thing or things belonging to someone; possessions collectively.
vocab
integrate
/ˈɪntəˌgreɪt/
(verb). Combine (one thing) with another to form a whole.
vocab
confront
/kənˈfrʌnt/
(verb). Come face to face with argumentative intent.
vocab
jeopardise
/ˈʤɛpədaɪz/
(verb). to risk harming or destroying something/somebody
vocab
innovation
/ˌɪnəˈveɪʃən/
(noun). the introduction of new things, ideas
vocab
concept
/ˈkɑnsɛpt/
(noun). An abstract idea
vocab
reshape
/riˈʃeɪp/
(verb). to change the shape or structure of something
vocab
industry
/ˈɪndəstri/
(noun). Economic activity concerned with the processing of raw materials
vocab
switch
/swɪʧ/
(verb). change the position, direction of something
vocab
entire
/ɪnˈtaɪər/
(adj). With no part left out; whole.
vocab
financial
/fəˈnænʃəl/
(adj). relating to finance
vocab
resolve
/riˈzɑlv/
(verb). Settle or find a solution to (a problem or contentious matter)
vocab
venture
/ˈvɛnʧər/
(noun). A risky or daring journey or undertaking.
vocab
capital
/ˈkæpətəl/
(noun). the city or town that functions as the seat of government
vocab
commercialize
/kəˈmɜrʃəˌlaɪz/
(verb). Manage or exploit in a way designed to make a profit
vocab
field
/fild/
(noun). a particular branch of study or sphere of activity or interest
vocab
intimidate