📓 Passage 1: Timekeeper - Invention of Marine Chronometer (noun). the details of a person’s family, education, experience, etc (adj). Someone who is self-taught has taught himself or herself a particular skill (verb). Fill (someone) with the urge or ability to do or feel something (noun). A person who makes and repairs wooden objects and structures. navigation /ˈnævəˈgeɪʃən/ (noun). the process or activity of accurately ascertaining one's position and planning and following a route (noun). The destruction of a ship at sea by sinking or breaking up (adj). relating to finance (noun). Help, typically of a practical nature. (noun). Detailed examination of the elements or structure of something. (adj). occurring over or relating to a long period of time (noun). the general arrangement, plan, design, etc. of something (noun). a set of things working together as parts of a mechanism or an interconnecting network (adj). of, found in, or produced by the sea (noun). an instrument for measuring time accurately (adj). real; exactly what it appears to be; not artificial (noun). (Modem) a device that connects one computer system to another using a telephone line so that data can be sent (adj). Concerned with or engaged in commerce. (adj). Dealing with things sensibly and realistically in a way that is based on practical rather than theoretical considerations (adj). connected with real situations rather than with ideas or theories (noun). The action of using something or the fact of being used. (noun). the distance of a place east or west of the Greenwich meridian, measured in degrees (verb). Ascertain the size, amount, or degree of (something) by using an instrument limitation /ˌlɪmɪˈteɪʃən/ (noun). the act or process of limiting or controlling somebody/something (noun). a minimum or starting point used for comparisons (noun). A line notionally drawn on the earth equidistant from the poles, (noun). to work as a member of the crew of a commercial or naval ship (verb). to judge the number or amount of something by using the information that you already have, and adding, taking away, multiplying, or dividing numbers (noun). the space (usually measured in degrees) between two intersecting lines or surfaces at or close to the point where they meet (adj). connected with the navy of a country (noun). an instrument for measuring angles and distances, used to calculate the exact position of a ship or an aircraft. (adj). clearly defined or identified (adj). connected with the moon
(adj). Of or concerning sailors or navigation (noun). An annual calendar containing important dates and statistical information such as astronomical data and tide tables. (noun). Dependence on or trust in someone or something.
(noun). A group of people who work closely together (noun). A person who navigates a ship, aircraft, etc. (noun). the act or the process of finding the size, quantity or degree of something (adj). Of the heavens or sky.
(noun). a person who measures or records the amount of time taken, especially in a sports competition. (verb). to suggest a plan, an idea, etc. for people to think about and decide on lubrication /ˌlubrɪˈkeɪʃən/ (noun). The action of applying a substance such as oil or grease to an engine or component so as to minimize friction and allow smooth movement. (adv). in a way that is correct and true in every detail; exactly (noun). A small tower on top of a larger tower or at the corner of a building or wall, typically of a castle.
(noun). a building set apart and adapted for keeping horses. revolutionary /ˌrɛvəˈluʃəˌnɛri/ (adj). connected with political revolution (noun). a person who takes part in an athletic contest (adj). First in order of importance; main. >< secondary, minor (noun). a person who takes part in a contest or competition mathematician /ˌmæθəməˈtɪʃən/ (noun). a person who is an expert in mathematics (noun). a tool or device used for a particular task, especially for delicate or scientific work (verb). Take on or assume (an attitude or position) (noun). The line at which the earth's surface and the sky appear to meet (adj). of the present time or recent times (noun). a person of a particular kind, especially one who is important or distinctive in some way (adj). happening at the end of a long process (noun). A mechanism in a clock or watch (noun). A catch in a machine which prevents motion until released (verb). to organize different parts of an activity and people involved in it so that it works well inconvenience /ˌɪnkənˈvinjəns/ (noun). Trouble or difficulty caused to one's personal requirements or comfort.
fluctuating /ˈflʌkʧəˌweɪtɪŋ/ (adj). Rising and falling irregularly in number or amount. (noun). an effort to achieve or complete a difficult task or action. (adj). Very great in amount, scale, or intensity. (verb). Occur in turn repeatedly. (adv). in a way that is enough in quantity 📓 Passage 2: The Evolutionary Mystery- Crocodile Survives (adj). Of or concerning history or past events. (adj). (of authority or an office, or someone holding it) superior to all others. (noun). a person who survives, especially a person remaining alive after an event in which others have died (noun). A large predatory semiaquatic reptile with long jaws, long tail, short legs, and a horny textured skin. (adj). belonging to a very simple society with no industry (noun). a person, typically one more remote than a grandparent (verb). Make (something) suitable for a new use or purpose (noun). the way in which a person lives. contemporary /kənˈtɛmpəˌrɛri/ (adj). Living or occurring at the same time (noun). a vertebrate animal of a class that includes snakes, lizards, (adj). (of a species, family, or other larger group) having no living members (noun). The weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period. (verb). see (an event, typically a crime or accident) take place (noun). a fossil reptile of the Mesozoic era, in many species reaching an enormous size (noun). A celestial body moving (adj). stated as a fact but without any proof (adj). Relating to or denoting a mammal. (noun). Power and influence over others. (noun). A large semiaquatic reptile similar to a crocodile but with a broader and shorter head, native to the Americas and China prehistoric /ˌprihɪˈstɔrɪk/ (adj). relating to or denoting the period before written records. (adv). To a great degree; extremely. (adj). concerned with changing; able to change when necessary in order to deal with different situations (noun). someone who likes to move around and travel, especially without a clear idea of what they want to do (noun). The fact or state of living or having objective reality. approximately /əˈprɑksəmətli/ (adv). almost, but not completely (noun). a distinctive attribute or aspect of something. (noun). Cautious and surreptitious action or movement. (verb). design or provide with a form that presents very little resistance to a flow of air or water, increasing speed and ease of movement streamlined /ˈstrimˌlaɪnd/ (adj). having a streamlined shape. (noun). a thing resembling an animal's tail in its shape or position, typically something extending downward or outward at the end of something. (noun). the metal coverings formerly worn by soldiers or warriors (noun). each of the upper and lower bony structures in vertebrates forming the framework of the mouth and containing the teeth (adj). having the toes connected by a membrane (noun). A specified role or position underestimate /ˈʌndəˈrɛstəmət/ (verb). to not realize how good, strong, determined, etc. somebody really is (adv). more in particular circumstances than in others metabolism /məˈtæbəˌlɪzəm/ (noun). The chemical processes that occur within a living organism in order to maintain life. (adj). being the only one of its kind; unlike anything else. coldblooded /ˈkəʊldˈblʌdɪd/ (adj). (of a kind of animal) having a body temperature varying with that of the environment; poikilothermic. (adj). All round a particular place or thing. consequently /ˈkɑnsəkwəntli/ (noun). The state of being exposed to contact with something. (noun). light from the sun (adj). Exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally (noun). A state or situation in which something needed cannot be obtained i (verb). (of a person) live longer than (another person). (adj). liable to change rapidly and unpredictably, especially for the worse. (noun). an amount of food, air, or another substance taken into the body (adj). effective with the least energy/manpower consumed (noun). An animal that is hunted and killed by another for food. (noun). An instance of vibrating (verb). change the position, direction of something (verb). Quickly seize (something) in a rude or eager way. (noun). the edge of or area adjoining a sea, lake, or river. anticipation /ænˌtɪsəˈpeɪʃən/ (noun). The action of anticipating something; expectation or prediction (noun). a small slender antelope that typically has curved horns and a yellowish-brown coat with white underparts (noun). surprise attack on (someone) from a concealed position (verb). to die because you have been underwater too long and you cannot breathe; to kill somebody in this way (adj). Expressing approval. (verb). contact strongly with another object (noun). A prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall (noun). The natural home or environment of an animal, plant, or other organism. (verb). Control or maintain the rate or speed of (a machine or process) so that it operates properly. (noun). wet earth that is soft and sticky (verb). Make a marked change in the form, nature, or appearance of. (adj). in a state or period of inactivity or dormancy. (noun). Prolonged torpor or dormancy of an insect, fish, or amphibian during a hot or dry period. (noun). A natural or established process by which something takes place (verb). Discover or identify the presence or existence of. (adj). Relating to or deriving from the metabolism of a living organism. (noun). The action or process of flowing (noun). The colourless fluid part of blood, lymph, or milk, in which corpuscles or fat globules are suspended. (noun). A substance that has no fixed shape and yields easily to external pressure; (noun). A small part or quantity intended to show what the whole is like. accumulation /əˌkjumjəˈleɪʃən/ (noun). The acquisition or gradual gathering of something. nitrogenous /naɪˈtrɑʤənəs/ (adj). Containing nitrogen in chemical combination. electrolyte /ɪˈlɛktrəʊlaɪt/ (noun). a liquid or gel that contains ions and can be decomposed by electrolysis, e.g., that present in a battery. concentration /ˌkɑnsənˈtreɪʃən/ (noun). The relative amount of a particular substance contained within a solution or mixture (verb). work or operate in a proper or particular way. (noun). a watery, typically yellowish fluid stored in the bladder and discharged through the urethra. It is one of the body's chief means of eliminating excess water and salt (noun). a supply of a commodity not needed for immediate use but available if required (verb). rise and fall irregularly in number or amount. proportional /prəˈpɔrʃənəl/ (adj). Corresponding in size or amount to something else. (verb). move out of way and become visible dehydration /ˌdihaɪˈdreɪʃən/ (noun). the loss or removal of water from something (verb). be of the opinion. (adj). cruel, severe and unkind (noun). Suffering or death caused by lack of food. (noun). the act or fact of living or continuing longer than another person or thing (adv). during a whole period of time. (noun). A large-scale systematic plan or arrangement for attaining some particular object (verb). develop gradually and in distinct stages (adj). of or found in fresh water; not of the sea (noun). A stock or supply of money, materials, staff, and other assets (noun). the means or opportunity to approach or enter a place (adj).
(of a person) strong and prone to violence (verb). Put (something) in a prominent place (verb). Continue to have (something); keep possession of. proportionately /prəˈpɔrʃənətli/ (adv). In a way that corresponds in size or amount to something else. (verb). To be in a dormant or torpid state during a hot dry period, such as the summer months. 📓 Passage 3: Company Innovation (noun). A measure taken to protect someone (adj). featuring new methods; advanced and original (noun). a permit of authority to do something intellectual /ˌɪntəˈlɛkʧuəl/ (adj). well educated and connected with logical processes (noun). A thing or things belonging to someone; possessions collectively. (verb). Combine (one thing) with another to form a whole. (verb). Come face to face with argumentative intent. (verb). to risk harming or destroying something/somebody (noun). the introduction of new things, ideas (verb). to change the shape or structure of something (noun). Economic activity concerned with the processing of raw materials (verb). change the position, direction of something (adj). With no part left out; whole. (adj). relating to finance (verb). Settle or find a solution to (a problem or contentious matter) (noun). A risky or daring journey or undertaking. (noun). the city or town that functions as the seat of government commercialize /kəˈmɜrʃəˌlaɪz/ (verb). Manage or exploit in a way designed to make a profit (noun). a particular branch of study or sphere of activity or interest