Từ Vựng IELTS Online Test Practice Test Plus 2 - Reading Test 6

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Từ Vựng IELTS Online Test Practice Test Plus 2 - Reading Test 6

📓 Passage 1: Astronaut ice cream, anyone?

Freeze
/friz/
(verb). turn or be turned into ice or another solid as a result of extreme cold.
vocab
significantly
/sɪgˈnɪfɪkəntli/
(adv). in a way that is large or important enough to have an effect on something or to be noticed
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transportation
/ˌtrænspərˈteɪʃən/
(noun). a system for carrying people or goods from one place to another using vehicles, roads, etc.
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pharmaceutical
/ˌfɑrməˈsutɪkəl/
(adj). relating to medicinal drugs, or their preparation, use, or sale
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storage
/ˈstɔrəʤ/
(noun). the action or method of storing something for future use.
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biological
/ˌbaɪəˈlɑʤɪkəl/
(adj). connected with the science of biology
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preserve
/prəˈzɜrv/
(verb). Retain (a condition or state of affairs)
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Chemist
/ˈkɛmɪst/
(noun). an expert in chemistry; a person engaged in chemical research or experiments.
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container
/kənˈteɪnər/
(noun). an object that can be used to hold or transport something.
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Similarly
/ˈsɪmələrli/
(adv). in a similar way
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manuscript
/ˈmænjəˌskrɪpt/
(noun). A book, document, or piece of music written by hand
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preservation
/ˌprɛzərˈveɪʃən/
(noun). the act of keeping something in its original state or in good condition
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valuable
/ˈvæljəbəl/
(adj). Worth a great deal of money.
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process
/ˈprɑˌsɛs/
(noun). a series of actions that you take in order to achieve a result
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sublimation
/ˌsʌblɪˈmeɪʃən/
(noun). the act of directing your energy, especially sexual energy, to socially acceptable activities such as work, exercise, art, etc.
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efficient
/ɪˈfɪʃənt/
(adj). effective with the least energy/manpower consumed
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technique
/tɛkˈnik/
(noun). A way of carrying out a particular task,
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bacteria
/bækˈtɪriə/
(noun). the simplest and smallest forms of life. Bacteria exist in large numbers in air, water and soil, and also in living and dead creatures and plants, and are often a cause of disease
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enzyme
/ˈɛnˌzaɪm/
(noun). a substance produced by a living organism which acts as a catalyst to bring about a specific biochemical reaction.
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virtually
/ˈvɜrʧuəli/
(adv). nearly; almost.
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chamber
/ˈʧeɪmbər/
(noun). A large room used for formal or public events.
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coil
/kɔɪl/
(verb). to wind into a series of circles; to make something do this
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refrigerator
/rəˈfrɪʤəˌreɪtər/
(noun). a piece of electrical equipment in which food is kept cold so that it stays fresh
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compressor
/kəmˈprɛsər/
(noun). a machine that compresses air or other gases
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vapour
/ˈveɪpə/
(noun). a mass of very small drops of liquid in the air
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condense
/kənˈdɛns/
(verb). to change from a gas into a liquid; to make a gas change into a liquid
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solid
/ˈsɑləd/
(adj). Firm and stable in shape; not liquid or fluid.
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infer
/ɪnˈfɜr/
(verb). to reach an opinion or decide that something is true on the basis of information that is available
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microorganism
/ˌmaɪkroʊˈɔrgəˌnɪzəm/
(noun). A microscopic organism, especially a bacterium, virus, or fungus
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composition
/ˌkɑmpəˈzɪʃən/
(noun). A creative work, especially a poem or piece of music.
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altitude
/ˈæltəˌtud/
(noun). the height of an object or point in relation to sea level or ground level.
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civilisation
/ˌsɪvəlɪˈzeɪʃən/
(noun). a state of human society that is very developed and organized
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peak
/pik/
(noun). the pointed top of sth
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pressure
/ˈprɛʃər/
(noun). Continuous physical force exerted on or against an object by something in contact with it.
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freezer
/ˈfrizər/
(noun). a refrigerated compartment, cabinet, or room for preserving food at very low temperatures
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suspend
/səˈspɛnd/
(verb). stop or delay sth for a time
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animation
/ˌænəˈmeɪʃən/
(noun). the state of being full of energy and enthusiasm.
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revitalise
/ˌriːˈvaɪtəlaɪz/
(verb). imbue (something) with new life and vitality
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foodstuff
/ˈfudˌstʌf/
(noun). A substance suitable for consumption as food.
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intact
/ɪnˈtækt/
(adj). not damaged or impaired in any way; complete
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ripen
/ˈraɪpən/
(verb). to become ripe
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military
/ˈmɪləˌtɛri/
(adj). Relating to or characteristic of soldiers or armed forces.
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cramped
/kræmpt/
(adj). feeling or causing someone to feel uncomfortably confined or hemmed in by lack of space.
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spacecraft
/ˈspeɪˌskræft/
(noun). a vehicle used for traveling in space
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convert
/ˈkɑnvɜrt/
(verb). Change the form, character, or function of something.
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molecule
/ˈmɑləˌkjul/
(noun). A group of atoms bonded together,
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liquid
/ˈlɪkwəd/
(noun). a substance that flows freely and is not a solid or a gas, for example water or oil
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arc
/ɑrk/
(noun). A part of a curve, especially a part of the circumference of a circle.
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atmospheric
/ˌætməˈsfɛrɪk/
(adj). relating to the atmosphere of the earth or (occasionally) another planet.
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thaw
/θɔ/
(verb). to turn back into water after being frozen
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molecular
/məˈlɛkjələr/
(adj). relating to or consisting of molecules.
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vacuum
/ˈvækjum/
(noun). a space that is completely empty of all substances, including all air or other gas
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pump
/pʌmp/
(noun). a mechanical device using suction or pressure to raise or move liquids, compress gases, or force air into inflatable objects such as tires.
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frost
/frɔst/
(noun). A deposit of small white ice crystals formed on the ground or other surfaces
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sufficiently
/səˈfɪʃəntli/
(adv). enough for a particular purpose; as much as you need
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package
/ˈpækəʤ/
(noun). an object or group of objects wrapped in paper or plastic, or packed in a box
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degrade
/dɪˈgreɪd/
(verb). to show or treat somebody in a way that makes them seem not worth any respect or not worth taking seriously
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restore
/rɪˈstɔr/
(verb). Bring back or re-establish
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unscathed
/ənˈskeɪðd/
(adj). without suffering any injury, damage, or harm
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concept
/ˈkɑnsɛpt/
(noun). An abstract idea
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📓 Passage 2: THE WILD SIDE OF TOWN

wildlife
/ˈwaɪlˌdlaɪf/
(noun). Wild animals collectively; the native fauna (and sometimes flora) of a region.
vocab
ecosystem
/ˈikoʊˌsɪstəm/
(noun). a biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment
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ideal
/aɪˈdil/
(adj). most suitable option for one’s desire/requirement
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fragmentation
/ˌfrægmənˈteɪʃən/
(noun). the act or process of breaking or making something break into small pieces or parts
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agrochemical
/ˌægroʊˈkɛməkəl/
(noun). any chemical used in farming, especially for killing insects or for making plants grow better
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lowland
/ˈloʊˌlænd/
(adj). connected with an area of land that is fairly flat and not very high above sea level
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catastrophic
/ˌkætəˈstrɑfɪk/
(adj). Involving or causing sudden great damage
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pesticide
/ˈpɛstəˌsaɪd/
(noun). A substance used for destroying insects or other organisms harmful to cultivated plants or to animals.
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revolution
/ˌrɛvəˈluʃən/
(noun). a change in the way a country is governed, usually to a different political system and often using violence or war
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intimate
/ˈɪntəmət/
(adj). closely acquainted; familiar, close
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mosaic
/moʊˈzeɪɪk/
(noun). a pattern or picture made using many small pieces of coloured stone or glass
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interconnect
/ˌɪntərkəˈnɛkt/
(verb). to connect similar things; to be connected to or with similar things
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hedge
/hɛʤ/
(noun). a fence or boundary formed by closely growing bushes or shrubs
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habitat
/ˈhæbəˌtæt/
(noun). The natural home or environment of an animal, plant, or other organism.
vocab
hedgerow
/ˈhɛʤrəʊ/
(noun). a line of bushes planted along the edge of a field or road
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farmland
/ˈfɑrmˌlænd/
(noun). land that is used for farming
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isolation
/ˌaɪsəˈleɪʃən/
(noun). The process or fact of isolating or being isolated
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species
/ˈspiʃiz/
(noun). a group of living organism that are identical to each other
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ecological
/ikəˈlɑʤɪkəl/
(adj). Relating to or concerned with the relation of living organisms
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tangle
/ˈtæŋgəl/
(noun). a twisted mass of threads, hair, etc. that cannot be easily separated
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canal
/kəˈnæl/
(noun). a long straight passage dug in the ground and filled with water for boats and ships to travel along; a smaller passage used for carrying water to fields, crops, etc.
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railway
/ˈreɪlˌweɪ/
(noun). A track made of steel rails along which trains run.
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embankment
/ɛmˈbæŋkmənt/
(noun). a wall of stone or earth made to keep water back or to carry a road or railway/railroad over low ground
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verge
/vɜrʤ/
(noun). an edge or border
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boundary
/ˈbaʊndəri/
(noun). A line that marks the limits of an area; a dividing line.
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lace
/leɪs/
(verb). a fine open fabric, typically one of cotton or silk, made by looping, twisting, or knitting thread in patterns and used especially for trimming garments.
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corridor
/ˈkɔrədər/
(noun). A long passage in a building from which doors lead into rooms
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hedgehog
/ˈhɛʤˌhɑg/
(noun). a small brown animal with stiff parts like needles (called spines ) covering its back. Hedgehogs are nocturnal (= active mostly at night) and can roll into a ball to defend themselves when they are attacked.
vocab
kingfisher
/ˈkɪŋˌfɪʃər/
(noun). a bird with a long beak, that catches fish in rivers. The European kingfisher is small and brightly coloured and the American kingfisher is larger and blue-grey in colour.
vocab
dragonfly
/ˈdrægənflaɪ/
(noun). an insect with a long thin body, often brightly coloured, and two pairs of large transparent wings. Dragonflies are often seen over water.
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recreation
/ˌrɛkriˈeɪʃən/
(noun). the action or process of creating something again
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accommodate
/əˈkɑməˌdeɪt/
(verb). Fit in with the wishes or needs of.
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wasteland
/ˈweɪstˌlænd/
(noun). an unused area of land that has become barren or overgrown
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significance
/səgˈnɪfɪkəns/
(noun). the importance of something, especially when this has an effect on what happens in the future
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eclipse
/ɪˈklɪps/
(verb). an obscuring of the light from one celestial body by the passage of another between it and the observer or between it and its source of illumination
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legacy
/ˈlɛgəsi/
(noun). An amount of money or property left to someone in a will.
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demolish
/dɪˈmɑlɪʃ/
(verb). pull or knock down (a building)
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quarry
/ˈkwɔri/
(noun). A large, deep pit, from which stone or other materials are or have been extracted.
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redundant
/rɪˈdʌndənt/
(adj). without a job because there is no more work available
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brownfield
/ˈbraʊnˌfild/
(noun). a former industrial or commercial site where future use is affected by real or perceived environmental contamination
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so-called
/ˈsoʊˈkɔld/
(adj). commonly designated by the name or term specified.
vocab
spectacularly
/spɛkˈtækjələrli/
(adv). in a very impressive way
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colonize
/ˈkɑləˌnaɪz/
(verb). (of a country or its citizens) send a group of settlers to (a place) and establish political control over it
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birch
/bɜrʧ/
(noun). a slender, fast-growing tree that has thin bark (often peeling) and bears catkins. Birch trees grow chiefly in north temperate regions, some reaching the northern limit of tree growth
vocab
willow
/ˈwɪˌloʊ/
(noun). a tree or shrub of temperate climates that typically has narrow leaves, bears catkins, and grows near water. Its pliant branches yield osiers for basketry, and its wood has various uses
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grassland
/ˈgræˌslænd/
(noun). a large area of open land covered with wild grass
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shallow
/ˈʃæloʊ/
(adj). Of little depth.
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wetland
/ˈwɛtˌlænd/
(noun). connected with or existing in areas of wet land
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consequence
/ˈkɑnsəkwəns/
(noun). A result or effect, commonly unpleasant
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predator
/ˈprɛdətər/
(noun). An animal that naturally preys on others.
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abundance
/əˈbʌndəns/
(noun). A very large quantity of something.
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domestic
/dəˈmɛstɪk/
(adj). of or inside a particular country, household
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exotic
/ɪgˈzɑtɪk/
(adj). originating in or characteristic of a distant foreign country.
vocab
nectar
/ˈnɛktər/
(noun). a sugary fluid secreted by plants, especially within flowers to encourage pollination by insects and other animals. It is collected by bees to make into honey
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thriving
/ˈθraɪvɪŋ/
(adj). Prosperous and growing
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artificial
/ˌɑrtəˈfɪʃəl/
(adj). made or produced to copy something natural; not real
vocab
absorb
/əbˈzɔrb/
(verb). take in water due to chemical or physical force
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excess
/ˈɛkˌsɛs/
(adj). in addition to an amount that is necessary, usual or legal
vocab
canopy
/ˈkænəpi/
(noun). An ornamental cloth covering hung or held up over something,
vocab
intercept
/ˌɪntərˈsɛpt/
(verb). to stop somebody/something that is going from one place to another from arriving
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rainstorm
/ˈreɪnˌstɔrm/
(noun). a heavy fall of rain
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Sustainable
/səˈsteɪnəbəl/
(adj). Able to be maintained at a certain rate or level.
vocab
drainage
/ˈdreɪnəʤ/
(noun). the system of water or waste liquids flowing away from somewhere into the ground or down pipes
vocab
runoff
/ˈrʌˌnɔf/
(noun). a second vote or competition that is held to find a winner because two people taking part in the first competition got the same result
vocab
reed
/rid/
(noun). the draining away of water (or substances carried in it) from the surface of an area of land, a building or structure, etc.
vocab
scientific
/ˌsaɪənˈtɪfɪk/
(adj). involving science
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recovery
/rɪˈkʌvri/
(noun). a return to a normal state of health, mind, or strength.
vocab
dependent
/dɪˈpɛndənt/
(adj). contingent on or determined by.
vocab
restoration
/ˌrɛstəˈreɪʃən/
(noun). the work of repairing and cleaning an old building, a painting, etc. so that its condition is as good as it originally was
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scheme
/skim/
(noun). A large-scale systematic plan or arrangement for attaining some particular object
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conservation
/ˌkɑnsərˈveɪʃən/
(noun). prevention of wasteful use of a resource
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essence
/ˈɛsəns/
(noun). the most important quality or feature of something, that makes it what it is
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marginal
/ˈmɑrʤənəl/
(adj). small and not important
vocab
reservoir
/ˈrɛzəˌvwɑr/
(noun). a natural or artificial lake where water is stored before it is taken by pipes to houses, etc.
vocab
reserve
/rɪˈzɜrv/
(noun). a supply of a commodity not needed for immediate use but available if required
vocab
skylark
/ˈskaɪˌlɑrk/
(noun). a small bird that sings while it flies high up in the sky
vocab
toad
/toʊd/
(noun). a tailless amphibian with a short stout body and short legs, typically having dry warty skin that can exude poison
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reversal
/rɪˈvɜrsəl/
(noun). a change to an opposite direction, position, or course of action.
vocab
burgeon
/ˈbɜrʤən/
(verb). to begin to grow or develop rapidly
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deafening
/ˈdɛfənɪŋ/
(adj). (of a noise) so loud as to make it impossible to hear anything else
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dawn
/dɔn/
(noun). the time of day when light first appears
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familiarize
/fəˈmɪljəˌraɪz/
(verb). to learn about something or teach somebody about something, so that you/they start to understand it
vocab
hare
/hɛr/
(noun). an animal like a large rabbit with very strong back legs, that can run very fast
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eagle
/ˈigəl/
(noun). a large bird of prey (= a bird that kills other creatures for food) with a sharp curved beak and very good sight
vocab
deer
/dɪr/
(noun). (con nai) an animal with long legs, that eats grass, leaves, etc. and can run fast. Most male deer have antlers (= horns shaped like branches). There are many types of deer.
vocab
woodland
/ˈwʊˌdlænd/
(noun). an area of land that is covered with trees
vocab
lifeless
/ˈlaɪfləs/
(adj). Dead or apparently dead.
vocab
plausible
/ˈplɔzəbəl/
(adj). eeming reasonable or probable >< unreasonable, improbable (không có khả năng)
vocab
supplement
/ˈsʌpləmənt/
(verb). to add something to something in order to improve it or make it more complete
vocab
embrace
/ɛmˈbreɪs/
(verb). Hold (someone) closely in one's arms
vocab
Biodiversity
/ˌbaɪoʊdaɪˈvɜrsəti/
(noun). the existence of a large number of different kinds of animals and plants which make a balanced environment
vocab

📓 Passage 3: Running on empty

fatigue
/fəˈtig/
(noun). việc khó nhọc
vocab
exhaustion
/ɪgˈzɑsʧən/
(noun). kiệt sức
vocab
athlete
/ˈæˌθlit/
(noun). Vận động viên điền kinh, thể dục thể thao
vocab
originate
/əˈrɪʤəˌneɪt/
(verb). bắt nguồn
vocab
Precise
/prɪˈsaɪs/
(adj). Chính xác
vocab
tire
/ˈtaɪər/
(verb). làm mệt nhọc
vocab
hypothesis
/haɪˈpɑθəsəs/
(noun). giả thuyết
vocab
standard
/ˈstændərd/
(noun). tiêu chuẩn
vocab
petrol
/ˈpɛtroʊl/
(noun). xăng dầu
vocab
distress
/dɪˈstrɛs/
(noun). phiền muộn
vocab
spring from
/sprɪŋ frʌm/
(phrase). Là nguyên nhân của cái gì đó
vocab
overtax
/ˈoʊvərˌtæks/
(verb). Bắt ai làm việc quá nhiều, đòi hỏi quá nhiều ở sức lực, của ai...
vocab
emotional
/ɪˈmoʊʃənəl/
(adj). thiên cảm xúc
vocab
essence
/ˈɛsəns/
(noun). bản chất
vocab
physiological
/ˌfɪziəˈlɑʤɪkəl/
(adj). sinh lý
vocab
subconscious
/səbˈkɑnʃəs/
(adj). tiềm thức
vocab
cue
/kju/
(noun). gợi ý
vocab
brink
/brɪŋk/
(noun). bờ vực
vocab
sensation
/sɛnˈseɪʃən/
(noun). Cảm giác/Cảm nhận
vocab
interpret
/ɪnˈtɜrprət/
(verb). Diễn giải
vocab
governor
/ˈgʌvərnər/
(noun). thống đốc
vocab
athletic
/æˈθlɛtɪk/
(adj). mang tính thể thao; năng động
vocab
Puzzling
/ˈpʌzəlɪŋ/
(adj). đánh đố
vocab
paradox
/ˈpɛrəˌdɑks/
(noun). nghịch lý
vocab
accumulation
/əˌkjumjəˈleɪʃən/
(noun). tích lũy
vocab
simulate
/ˈsɪmjələt/
(verb). mô phỏng
vocab
cyclist
/ˈsaɪkəlɪst/
(noun). Người đạp xe
vocab
sensor
/ˈsɛnsər/
(noun). Thiết bị cảm biến
vocab
nerve
/nɜrv/
(noun). dây thần kinh
vocab
impulse
/ˈɪmpəls/
(noun). Cảm hứng
vocab
fibre
/ˈfaɪbər/
(noun). Vải sợi; Chất xơ
vocab
endurance
/ˈɛndərəns/
(noun). sức chịu đựng
vocab
pedal
/ˈpɛdəl/
(noun). bàn đạp
vocab
compensate
/ˈkɑmpənˌseɪt/
(verb). đền bù
vocab
proportion
/prəˈpɔrʃən/
(noun). Tỷ lệ
vocab
sprint
/sprɪnt/
(verb). tăng tốc
vocab
strive
/straɪv/
(verb). phấn đấu